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Volume :27 Issue : 3 1999      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Arabic Children’s Depression Inventory: A Review of Research Findings in Eight Societies

Auther : Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek

While it had previously been thought that preadolescent children could not develop depression, both clinical research and practice over the last three decades have proven childhood depression to be a real clinical entity. It has been found that childhood depression may have serious consequences such as suicide, low achievement, violence, and poor interpersonal relationships. A relationship between childhood and adult depression has also been demonstrated. This study reviews the most salient findings on the Arabic Children’s Depression Inventory (ACDI), containing 27 items using the alternatives rarely, sometimes, and often, devised by Abdel-Khalek (1993). Based on fifteen studies of about 17,000 subjects in eight countries, data are utilized from Egypt, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Syria, Jordan, and the U.S.A. Reliability coefficients ranged from 0.81 to 0.93, criterion-related validity coefficients ranged from 0.39 to 0.83, and factor analyses disclosed clear, high-loaded, and interpretable components. Factor analyses proved good similarity between weak concentration, pessimism, sleep problems, unhappiness, weakness, and loneliness. Age and gender related differences were also investigated. Impressive evidence is provided for the utility of the ACDI in assessing childhood depression in the above mentioned countries.

Keywords: Depression, Childhood, Adolescence, Scale, Factor Analysis, Cultural Comparison.

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