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Volume :42 Issue : 2 2014      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Factors of Recidivism among Relapsed and Recovered Drug Addicts in Kuwaiti Society

Auther : Haifaa Y. AL-Kendary

The present study focused on identifying the opinions of 171 individuals who have previous experiences in drug addiction so as to detect factors that had an impact on relapse. The study focused on addicts who returned to addiction after recovery (89 members) and compared them to addiction survivors (82). The participants were Kuwaiti and non-Kuwaiti males aged between 17and 59years, who received treatment in various institutions (Psychiatric Hospital, Patients' follow up units, and Bashayer al-Khair Committee). The study used a descriptive method.  A scale of Social Factors for Relapse and demographic questionnaire were developed by the researcher to achieve the objectives of the study. The results concluded that the most important personal motives that led relapsing groups to stop dealing with drugs is the implementation of court ruling after the arrest, their desire to repent to God, and finally the fear of imprisonment if caught.  Also, the result showed that the relapsing groups spent a very short period of time for treatment--  only a month or less, and were not satisfied with the brevity of the treatment. Most post-treatment difficulties related to an inability to resist craving and return to the drug, followed by the negative perception of others toward them after recovery. It was also found that the majority of relapsing samples suffered from mental ailments related to stress, mood swings, and sleep disorders. Almost all the sample of relapsing groups had a relationship with former friends who use drugs. Compared to other groups, they had been on drugs for 5 years or more, returned to addiction one year or less after treatment, and had a low degree of religiosity. The result showed factors that can predict the relapse of addicts in the future, namely the availability of a monthly income that meets the addicts' needs, dissatisfaction with the period of time spent in treatment, dissatisfaction with the course of treatment, an ongoing relationship with former drug users, and a low degree of religiosity.
Keywords: Relapse, Addict survivor, Relapse addict, Drug addict, Social factors, Kuwait.

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