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Volume :41 Issue : 2 2013      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Economic Crimes in Jordan for the Period (2000-2008): Sociological Study

Auther : Kholoud A. Almarashdah Hamza K. Al-Khaddam Maissa N. Alrawashdeh

This study aims at identifying the magnitude of economic crimes in Jordan in the period 2000 - 2008. It seeks to determine the socio-economic attributes of the perpetrators of those crimes, to detect major factors responsible for their thise, and to investigate the link between these factors and the socio-economic variables of the perpetrators..
The study relied on social survey for its methodology, an approach suitable for the purposes of this type of research, and compatible with methodology used in crime studies. This approach depends on data description, analysis and interpretation with a view to reaching conclusions, which can then be generalized. A social survey approach was applied on Jordanian prisoners of both sexes, who were serving sentences for economic cases and crimes in the Swaqa Centre for Reform and rehabilitation, and in the Jwaida prison for women, in accordance with the 1993 economic crime law no. (11). The number of males in these prisons was 477; the total numver of prisoners convicted of economic crimes in the entire kingdom, at the time when the study was conducted, was 729.,
The study yielded a number of significant results, chief of which is the fact that there has been a noticeable yearly rise in the magnitude of economic crimes committed in Jordan between the years 2000 and 2008. Theft, trust abuse, fraud, embezzlement and bribery were in the forefront. Crimes were more prevalent among manles than females, and more common among people of the 18-39 age group, as well as among the married rather than the single. Individuals with average educational bachgrounds, others with low incomes were also found to be more inclined to commit economic crimes.
Keywords: Economic crimes, Reform and rehabilitation centers, Factors behind commiitting crimes.

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