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Volume :43 Issue : 3 2015      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Cognitive Dissonance and its Relationship to Self-Esteem in Male/Female Students of Umm Al-Qura Uni-versity in Makkah Al Mukarramah

Auther : Mariam Humaid Alalehyani

This study aims to find the different levels of Cognitive Dissonance and self-esteem, and to identify the relationship between the dimensions of Cognitive Disso-nance, total degree and the self-esteem variable in a sample of male/female students in Umm Al-Qura University. It also aims to reveal the statistical gender differences in Cog-nitive Dissonance and Self-Esteem; the total degree, and Self-Esteem among Umm Al-Qura University students. The study revealed that the statistical differences in the total degree of the self-esteem measure for both male and female students in Umm Al-Qura University were due to inconsistency factors (personal inner factor – the external socio factor, the total degree of cognitive dissonance) as per sex. The sample of the study com-prised (336) students (154 males and 182 females). It used the DISS-R (Cassel, et al., 2001) and the Self-Esteem scale (translated by Abdullah Mohammed). The most important results showed that the level of Cognitive Dissonance for the total degree was below av-erage, while the level of self esteem was average. The results also pointed out a negative correlation (inverse) of statistical function in the overall degree of Cognitive Dissonance and Self-Esteem. The results did not reveal any statistically significant gender-related dif-ferences in the overall degree of  Cognitive Dissonance among  the students of Umm Al-Qura University.

Key words: Cognitive Dissonance, Self-Esteem, Male/Female Students, Umm Al-Qura University.
 

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