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Volume :45 Issue : 4 2017      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Impact of Arab Revolutions on Asia: A Study of Diffusion Theory

Auther : Mohammed El-sayed Salim Jamal Mohammed Salim

This article addresses four main research questions; (i) do political phenomena diffuse from one region to another?; (ii) what are the main factors that determine its spatial and temporal diffusion?; (iii) what are the main consequences of such diffusion?; and (iv) why do revolutionary phenomena diffuse into democracies? To answer these questions, the paper reviewed the diffusion theory, presented its theoretical framework, and deduced from it eight hypotheses that evolved around the determinants of diffusion. The hypotheses were tested in the case of the diffusion of the Arab revolutions in Asia since 2011. Asia was chosen as the universe of analysis because most of its regions experienced a "democratic deficit," reminiscent of the Arab countries in which the Arab revolutions occurred. The paper identified the various forms of the diffusion of the Arab revolutions into Asian nations, and found that these revolutions diffused into some of these nations, albeit in different forms from those in the Arab countries. However, the devolution of the Arab revolutions into armed violence has limited their diffusion.
Keywords: Diffusion theory, Contagion theory, Democracy, Arab revolutions, Asia.

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