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Volume :45 Issue : 3 2017      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Burdens of Syrian Refugees and the Revitalization of the Jordanian National Identity Prerogatives An Analytical Descriptive Approach from the Perspective of Cultural Trauma

Auther : Mohammed A. Alhourani

Based on the theory of Cultural Trauma in deriving the damages inflicted on the prerogatives of Jordanian national identity, this study aimed at revealing the effect of the burdens of Syrian refugees on revitalizing the Jordanian national identity prerogatives. Three types of prerogatives were derived, which represented the basis of measurement on which the study instrument was based as well as the sentiments and judgments associated with the injury to national identity. The three prerogatives are as follows: first, the services; second, the economy; and third, the security. The study was conducted on a sample of (400) Jordanian householders (eastern Jordanians) who live in AL-ra,tja and AL-mafraq, the two cities in the north of Jordan, which are flooded with Syrian refugees. The results showed that Jordanian citizens have negative feelings and judgments toward the Syrian refugees. In addition, the burdens of Syrian refugees have obviously revitalized the prerogatives of national identity for Jordanian citizens, who stressed that their prerogatives (services, economy, and security) were adversely affected by the exodus of Syrian refugees. The amount of services offered to Jordanian citizens declined and became even difficult to obtain. The economic prerogatives were also adversely affected by the reduction of employment opportunities and the high cost of living in general. Similarly, security prerogatives were traumatized by the aggravation of social problems and the violation of the values and morals of the community. Jordanian citizens stressed their priority and right to obtain these prerogatives on the basis of their national identity.
Keywords: Syrian refugees, National identity, Cultural trauma.

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