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Volume :45 Issue : 3 2017      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Arab National Approach in Kuwait's Foreign Policy 1961-1990

Auther : Faisal M. A. Abu sulaib

This study aims to explore the historical roots of Arab nationalist thought in Kuwait and its impact on Kuwait foreign policy. Primarily, this study seeks to outline the most important aspects of the Arab national approach in Kuwait's foreign policy since its independence in 1961 and until the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990. Moreover, the study seeks to analyze the factors underlying the emergence of Arab nationalism in Kuwait's foreign policy during this period (1961-1990). The study reached major conclusions, the most important of which was that the Arab national approach in Kuwait's foreign policy during the period (1961-1990) was represented by a number of aspects on the top of which was: Kuwait's Arabic Identity which was clearly manifested in the constitution of Kuwait issued in 1962, which stated that Kuwait is an Arabic country, its formal language is the Arabic language, and its people are part of the Arab Nation. In addition, the foreign financial aid that was provided by Kuwait to Arabic countries can be considered another aspect of this Arabic national orientation in its foreign policy. Furthermore, Kuwaiti support of Arab causes, especially the Palestinian cause, is another aspect of this approach as well as Kuwait's role as a moderator in resolving disputes that arise among Arabic countries. Moreover, Kuwait's opposition to military deployments of any foreign troops on its territories during 1961-1990 is an important aspect of the Arab national approach in its foreign policy. The study also concluded that Kuwait's adoption of Arab national approach in its foreign policy was due to a number of major factors; the most important factors were: historical and geostrategic factors, Abdul-Kareem Qasem's threats after the independence of Kuwait in 1961, the impact of Kuwaiti Arab nationalists on foreign policy decision making, and the personal factors of the ruler of Kuwait during the independence period Sheikh Abdulla Al Salem, who approved of the theses of Arab nationalism.
Keywords: Kuwait foreign policy, Arab National  Approach.

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