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Volume :46 Issue : 4 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Spatial Analysis of Distribution Patterns of Human Settlement Centers in AL-Karak, Jordan Using GIS Tools

Auther : Mthaffar Abad Al-rawashedh Samer Abdelkareem Al-rawashdeh

The aim of the research is to identify the spatial distribution patterns of the settlement centers in Al-Karak governorate in Jordan. In view of the different natural environments and the variation in the size and number of settlement centers, the governorate was divided into three regions (Highlands Region, Jordan Valley Region, Desert Region). The study revealed the patterns of spatial distribution by the settlement centers in the governorate. Induction approach and geographical analysis were used to explain the prevalent distribution patterns in each region, in addition to implementing the statistical method by using the tool of analysis of the nearest neighbor in Arc GIS V,10,3 to perform spatial analysis and matching processes, and to determine the pattern of spatial distribution, as well as the factors that have an impact on the distribution depending on the geospatial database, which was built for the study area to conduct the processes of spatial analysis.
The study found that the clustered distribution pattern is predominant in the highlands and Jordan valley regions of the study area, while the dispersed divergent pattern is more dominant in the desert region, and the general direction of distribution of human settlements is towards north-south with a diversion towards the north-east and south-west directions.
Keywords: Spatial Distribution Patterns, Geographical Information Systems, Multi-spatial Analyses, Arc GIS Software, The Nearest Neighbor Analysis, Multi- Spatial Analyses Tools, Geospatial database.

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