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Volume :46 Issue : 1 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Happiness and its Relation with Self-efficacy among Egyptian and Lebanese University Students

Auther : Ahmed Abdel-Khalek Mayssah El Nayal

This sutdy sought to answer the following questions: 1) are there any significant differences between the variables of the study, namely happiness and self-efficacy in terms of gender and nationality? 2) Does the relationship between happiness and self-efficacy differ in terms of gender and nationality? The sample of the study consisted of university students in Egypt (n=294) and Lebanon (n=216) of both sexes and from various majors, who responded to the Arabic Scale of Happiness by Abdel-Khalek (2013), and the Self-effecacy Scale by Haifaa Alansary and Abdel-Khalek (2012). Both scales enjoy good psychometric properties. The study revealed that Egyptian and Lebanese male students obtained a higher mean score compared to their peers of fermales in both happiness and sepf-effecacy. All differences were statistically significant, exvept of both sexes. The Lebanese sample obtained signifdicantly higher mean scores than did the Egyptian sample of both sexes in happiness and self-effecacy. The size-effect was large in happiness, but medium in self-effecacy. Statistically significant correlations between the two scales in the two countires were extracted. The study recommended developing programs that raise the levels of happiness and self-effecacy among university students.
Keywords: Happiness, Self-effecacy, Egypt, Lebanon.

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