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Volume :34 Issue : 1 2006      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Relationship between diabetes and some psychological factors

Auther : Huda J Hassan

 

Emotional issues play an important role in the lives of people with diabetes. Empirical evidence suggests that psychological factors play an important role in the occurrence of diabetes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to find out the relationship between diabetes and some psychological factors (i.e. Type A behavior, Neuroticism, Aggression and Anger) in Kuwait society.

A sample of 230 participated on the study. 122 diabetic patients (51 type 1, and 71 type 2) were recruited from the outpatient diabetes clinic. Whereas, 108 non-diabetic subjects were recruited as a control group. The age ranged between 13 to 73 with a mean of 35.64 years and SD = 14.93. The study used 4 scales to collect data. 1) The Arabic type A behavior scale. 2) The Neuroticism Scale. 3) The Aggression Scale. 4) State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory.

Results shows that age correlated positively with type A behavior and anger-control, and it correlated negatively with neuroticism, aggression, anger-state, anger-trait and anger-expression. In addition, the duration of illness (for the patients sample) with not correlate with any of the study factors.

Diabetic patients score higher on type A behavior than non-patients, Whereas, non-patients are higher on anger-state, anger-trait and anger-expression. In addition, Type 1 diabetic patients are more aggressive, and score higher on anger-state than type 2. Males tend to be more type A behavior than females, whereas females are more neuroticism.

Keywords: Diabetes, Type A behavior, Neuroticism, Aggression, Anger.

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