Kuwait-University-Journal-of-Law-header
Search
Journal of Law

Previous Issues

Advance Search
Year : From To Vol
Issue Discipline:
Author

Volume :36 Issue : 1 2008      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Environmental Indicators and Integrated Environmental Assessment

Auther : Asma Ali Abahussain -Anwar Sh.-A. Abdu

Indicators are essential instruments to identify environmental problems, their analysis and evaluation, to set priorities, and to monitor trends and temporal changes in the environmental conditions. They are important tools to follow policy performance, and to measure progress towards achievements to of specific objectives. Indicators are used in Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) reports since they provide decision-makers with simplified and relevant information about the conditions and trends of the environmental issues of interest, which also helps to monitor and assess environmental policies. Indicators also enhance the level of public awareness about the environmental issues without dealing with the complicated specific data and statistics.

The objective of this research is to make visible the most important (Core) environmental indicators relevant to (WEHABC) themes, which include (Water, Energy, Health, Agriculture, (and Land), Biodiversity, Marine and Coastal Ecosystems), since they are the most significant themes that constitute Integrated Environmental Assessment Reports. This step has been performed by use of DPSIR model (Driving force, Pressure, State, Impacts and Responses), to synthesize and analyze the interrelationships between human activities, environmental ecosystems and their environmental, social and economic impacts and the social responses to mitigate these impacts.

The matrix of environmental indicators relevant to WEHABC themes were discussed, scrutinized, and finally selected through a number of activities organized by the United Nations Environmental Programme/Regional Office for West Asia (UNEP/ROWA) during 2003-2004. For each selected indicator, a methodology sheet was proposed that shows the theme, the issue, the definition, unit of measurement, type of indicator, purpose, significance and relevance, methodology of description, linkage to other indicators, alternative definitions, and sources of information and references.

The main finding of this study indicates that it is vitally important to use environmental indicators to monitor and assess the trends and conditions of the environment in the Arab Region and its outlook. It is important not only at the regional base, but also at the national and local levels, to enable countries of the region to periodically prepare environmental assessment reports of shared environmental issues of interest. Such exercises can contribute to and facilitate the formulation of environmental strategies and initiation of future sustainable development policies for the Region.

Keywords: Environmental Indicators, WEHABC themes, Integrated Environmental Assessment, (IEA), DPSIR

Journal of Law
Journal of Law

You are Visitor No.

79909

Journal of Law
Journal of Law
Tell your friendsJournal of Law
Journal of Law

Last Updated

Nov 28, 2019

Journal of Law
Journal of Law
Journal of Law

Please enter your email Here to receive our news

Journal of Law