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Volume :36 Issue : 2 2008      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Depressive Symptoms and their Relationship with Self-esteem among School Children from Qatar

Auther : Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek , Asma A. Al-Atia…Mayssah A. El-Nayal

The objectives of the current research were to explore the relationship between depressive symptoms and self-esteem, extracted factor(s), and sex-related differences. A convenient sample of volunteer school children (N=372) was recruited (n=194 boys; and n=178 girls). Their ages ranged from 14 to 15 years. They responded to the Multidimensional Child and Adolescent Depression Scale (MCADS) developed by Abdel-Khalek (2003), and Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale (SES). Girls had significantly higher mean scores than their male counterparts on the MCADS total score, as well as subscales of pessimism, anhedonia, fatigue, and somatic complaints. All the Pearson correlation coefficients between the eight dimensions of depression were significant and positive, whereas they were negative between the dimensions of depression and SES. A high loaded bipolar factor has been extracted and labeled ``Components of depression versus self-esteem.

Keywords: Depression, Self-esteem, Pessimism, Lack of Concentration, Sleep Problems, Anhedonia, Fatigue, Loneliness, Physical Complaints, Qatar.


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