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Volume :34 Issue : 3 2006      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Parenting Stressors of Mothers of Children with and without Disabilities

Auther : Hayfaa Al-Kandari

Abstract: The study focuses on parenting stressors among Kuwaiti mothers of children with and without mental disability. It utilized a survey method involving two groups of mothers: (1) Mothers of children without disabilities who studied in the elementary state schools, and (2) mothers of children with mild Intellectual Developmental Disabilities (IDD) at the elementary level of the Special Education Schools in Kuwait. The study used a self-administrated questionnaire. The sample was 82 mothers from different backgrounds. The study used the Parenting Stress Index for Abiding (1995) to investigate the differences in stressors experienced by mothers in parenting a child with and without disabilities. The study found that there were no differences in the severity of the types of parenting stressors for mothers of children with mild IDD and mothers of children without disabilities, according to the demographic variables (i.e. Child Age, Child Gender, and Mothers Age). Mothers of children with mild IDD, as compared to mothers of children without disabilities, perceived themselves as subjected to severe stressors related to their childrens difficulties in playing the role expected in the family. They also indicated that these mothers perceived themselves as experiencing moderately severe stressors related to feelings of depression related to having a child with a mild IDD. Another finding indicated that Kuwaiti mothers of children with mild IDD perceive Acceptability as more severe than all other stressors. The findings of the study will help social providers to develop future family services that aim to reduce stressors expereinced by mothers who care for a child with a disability.

Key words: Stressors, Parenting, Mental retardation, Parenting stress index.

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