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Volume :34 Issue : 3 2006      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Jordanian Women and Challenges to Enter into the Parliament: A Sociological Field Study Regarding Female Electoral Candidates

Auther : Hussein O. Al - Khozahe

This study seeks to identify the main challenges facing Jordanian women and their success in the elections of parliament. The researcher has employed the comprehensive number of women (n=54) who became candidates for parliamentary elections in 2003. He has prepared a questionnaire consisting of twenty one items, all divided into three main categories. After analyzing the study outcomes and comparing them with the general results of the parliamentary elections, it was realized that some of the main challenges which prevent the women from taking part in the parliamentary elections include, but are not limited to the following: competition, tribal fanaticism, lack of effective political parties which can provide convincing and reasonable programs for the Jordanians, lack of participation of women in such parties, non-coherence and non-harmony among candidates, the large number of men and women candidates, and lack of experience of Jordanian women to run election campaigns. Programs that can eliminate the impact of such obstacles include the following: changing the existing electoral laws, changing the method of calculating the female quota, concentration on the social and tribal influence, adoption of realistic methods that detour exaggeration in the advertising of electoral programs, training female candidates to run the election process including enhancing the skill of communication with the candidates, encouraging the woman to communicate with the total community, and avoiding the focus on woman-to-woman communication to support women in parliamentary elections.

Key words: Obstacles, Jordanian, parliamentary elections, Electorate, Voters, Candidate, Electoral district, Quota.


 

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