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Volume :35 Issue : 2 2007      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Quantitative Analysis Roads Asphalt In Sohag Governorate in Egypt

Auther : Esam M. Ibrahim


This study focuses on analyzing asphalt roads in the Sohag Gocernorate, as one of the Upper Egypt governorates, bordered by Asiut Governorate in the north, Quena Governorate in the south, Red Sea Governorate in the eastn and New Valley Governorate in the West. The Governorate occupies about one degree of latitude, as its borders begin in the south at nearly 266  fegrees of latitude and end in the north at nearly 2657 degrees, and it is between the two longitudes of 3120 and 3213 degrees. It extends 125 kilometers from south to the north along the extension of the Nile River. Sohag Governorate is considered to be one of the largest governoeates of the valley, as it occupies a surface of 1975.79 kilometers, distributed into eleven districts. Also it is one of the rural governorates that included a population of about 3.2 million in the year 2004, 77.3% of which was concentrated in rural areas. The quantitative analysis includes asphalt roads in Sohag Governorate. It began with the study of the urban roads, followed by the study of the nearest enighbor, using the Detour Index as the indicator of correlation, together with analysis of centrality and distance. The study includes the accessibility according to different variables. The general average of the roads regarding centralization in the study area reached about (5.4), which is more than in Lower Egypt governorates (3.8). The city (crossroads) of Sohag was in the first grade in respect to all indicates of arrival possibility. The other grades varied according to the based indicator, but at some ranges, certain ones conserved the grade at more than one variable as in Khmim (four variables), Tema (four variables), and Sakolta (two variables). Finally, the study concludes with some relevant recommendations for handling these problems.

Keywords: Geographical information, Systems, Branches, Centrality Distance Accessibility.


 

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