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Volume :23 Issue : 4 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Growth and Basic Needs: A case study of some Moslem Countries

Auther : Fayez Ibrahim Al-Habib

In many developing countries, rapid growth has failed to eliminate or even reduce widespread absolute poverty. Understandably, for these countries, the main issue of concern is that of growth versus meeting basic needs.

The paper investigates this issue starting with a brief review of the related theories and the findings of empirical studies. A case study on four Moslem countries - namely Indonesia, Morocco, Pakistan, and Malaysia - to assess their success on reducing income inequality and poverty during 1965-1 990, is also presented. The findings, in the case of Malaysia, show a very limited contribution of economic growth in reducing poverty and inequalities of income distribution, The success of Indonesia, and to some extent Morocco, in improving the quality of life and reducing inequalities is the result of the relevant special policies applied by these governments. Whereas, the failure of Pakistan to achieve such results is ascribed to the weak performance of its economy for the period under review, and to the lack of government policies in this regard.

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