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Volume :32 Issue : 2 2004      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Increase of Fertility and its Influence on Development Procedures

Auther : Kultham A. Al-Ghanim

The relationship between social and population structures has come to be considered one of the indicators by which social and economic change procedures are measured, or even a means of measuring development levels. The current research addresses the fertility phenomenon as one of the factors influencing population structure, having direct impact on social and economic life and bearing considerable relevance to development. Apart from addressing factors which influence the rates of fertility and the ensuing repercussions on women, on the population structure or on the general social conditions, the study has revealed a variation in fertility levels and impacts amongst societies and identified its relevance to diversity in economic levels, rates of social change and the conditions of women. Women in developing countries in general, the Arab World in particular, have higher fertility rates due to a number of social, cultural and also economic reasons. These countries encounter, as a result, a number of qualitative problems such as an increase in the rates of population growth, which, in its turn, minimizes the positive effects of any development. Arab states face the same phenomenon despite existing discrepancies in their development rates, where the oil-rich countries have a more or less similar level of development countrary to other countries with lower income levels. It has been noticed that the increase in the national income of the first and their high standard of living minimizes the negative repercussions of this phenomenon while the overall picture seems to deteriorate in countries with a lower economic level.

Keywords: Fertility rates, Population growth, Reproductive health, Maternal mortality rates, Traditional birth attendants, Social status of women, Socio- cultural factors.

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