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Volume : 39 Issue : 1 2011

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Author :Husain Al-Ansari - Mai Al-Kulaib
Discipline :Others

Library Use and User Satisfaction with Library Services at Jaber Al-Ahmad Central Library of Kuwait University

This study investigated library use, information-seeking patterns, and user satisfaction with library resources and services at three colleges at Kuwait University. Data were gathered through questionnaires from 381 full-time students registered at the College of Arts, College of Social Sciences, and the College of Administration Sciences. Results indicate that the majority of respondents make limited use of the library; they use the library mainly as a place to study and for borrowing and returning books. Books and internet resources are the main sources of information. Respondents are generally satisfied with the services and facilities provided by the library. Based on the findings the authors made various recommendations for the improvement of the library programs and services.

Key words: User studies, User satisfaction, Academic libraries-Kuwait.

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Author :Humuod Saleh Alknaan
Discipline :Sociology

Determinants of the Relationship between Organizational Rank and Work Alienation

This study examined the relationship between organizational rank and the levels of work alienation that employees experienced in Saudi public organizations. The study was conducted on a random sample of 288 trainees attending different short training programs at the Institute of Public Administration. The results revealed that employees at different ranks experienced different levels of work alienation. In addition, the results of Analysis of Variance and Multiple Regression Analysis uncovered that age, education, job grade, span of control, formalization, and routines did not explain the variation in levels of work alienation that employees experienced in different organizational ranks. In fact, the variations in the levels of work alienation were accounted for by participation in the decision-making process and the level of autonomy.

Key Words: Work alienation, Organizational rank, Organizational power, Routines, Participation In Decision Making, Autonomy, Formalization, Job grade, Span of control

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Author :Mahmoud Al- Thawadi
Discipline :Sociology

Theory of Human Symbols and the Rules Governing the Influence of Collective Behavioral Patterns on Peoples Behaviors

Patterns of collective behaviors have a tremendous influence on peoples behaviors in society. This is the result of what is called socialization in social sciences. This study outlines two types of collective behavior influence. The first type is named in this paper as the total inclusive social influence on peoples behaviors. The other type is a non-total inclusive social influence on behaviors. It is argued that both of these two patterns of collective influences, in some Arab countries, are the outcome of a new concept that will be labeled as human symbols/cultural socialization. The latter emphasizes the decisive role that human symbols/culture plays in determining and sustaining these two categories of collective behavior influence in the society. This concept is part of the new theory of human symbols developed, analyzed, and discussed in this essay. The theorys major hypothesis is that humans are by nature symbolic beings.

Key Words: Theory of human symbols, The concept of human symbols socialization, Total social inclusive influence, Non-total social inclusive influence.

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Author :Mohammed A. Mahaftha , Amal S. Al - Awawda
Discipline :Sociology

Factors Affecting Violence against Working Woman in the Jordanian Society Applied Study

This research aimed at studying types of violence directed toward working Jordanian women, which was committed against the women from employers (gender violence), family (family or domestic violence), and society (societal violence). Moreover, the study researched sexual harassment that women face in the workplace. In addition, the study researched the consequences of violence against working woman. The study population was women working at governmental, private, and individual organizations and/or institutions. The study was conducted on a target sample of 450 women in the three regions of the kingdom (north, middle and south). The results show that women suffer from all types of Job violence: 46% of the respondents suffer from societal violence; 55.8% suffered gender abuse; and 30.7% suffered from family abuse. The results also show that 20.8% of the respondents face sexual harassment.

Key Words: working women, Violence, Sexual harassment.

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Author :Hamdi Abdulrahman Hasan
Discipline :Political Sciences

Political Participation: General Problematiques and Theoretical Issues

This study seeks to raise some theoretical problems associated with the concept of political participation. It also raises some important issues related to the major cognitive shifts occurring in the field of comparative politics. Perhaps the most notable of these issues is the question regarding the definition of the concept and its new trends. The paper tries to challenge the liberal concept of participation in order to make it more appropriate for all cultures and regions. Thus, it includes non-traditional, political activities, which were never covered by the classic literature of comparative politics.This study is concerned with explaining political activities of citizens, and also takes into account the developments brought about by the technological revolution and its contemporary political effects. Finally, the study raises the issue of the right to participate in development and highlights the requirements for participation and the obstacles that stand in its way.

Key Words: Political participation , Political efficacy , Vrtual democracy , Social capital , Citizenship , Mobilization , Sustainable development

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