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Volume :19 Issue : 57 2004      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Moses (pbuh) Before His Message: A Comparative

Auther : Dr. Muhammad ‘Ata Ahmad Yusuf

Moses (pbuh) Before His Message: A Comparative

Study between the Glorious

Qur’an and the Old Testament

Dr. Muhammad ‘Ata Ahmad Yusuf

Ass. Prof. at Girl faculty of Education, Literary Department, Hafr El-Batin, Saudi Arabia.

In the story of Moses (pbuh) Al-Qur’an mentioned two names only: Moses and Aaron (pbut), while in the Old Testament (O.T.) were mentioned the names of his fathers, mother, sister and brother. This indicates that Al-Qur’an, unlike the O.T., focuses only on lessons and preachment.

In the O.T. there are lots of details about the execution of the command of Pharaoh to slay Israelites’ sons and spare their daughters, but only few verses in Al-Qur’an (chapters of Al-Baqarah, and Ibrahim) touched upon that issue giving no details.

The O.T. accounts mentioned nothing about neither the Divine revelation to Moses’ mother, nor the glad tidings of saving her son, thus neglecting her faith status. Also, there is no indication of the Divine role in protecting Moses or in guiding his mother. The role of Moses’ sister was also cut short with no justification for the sudden relationship took place between her and Pharaoh’s daughter, with clear exaggeration of the latter’s role.

The role of Pharaoh’s wife in the life of Moses (pbuh) was absent is the O.T. and ascribed, with lots of changes, to Pharaoh’s daughter instead of his wife.

Al-Qur’an, on the contrary, highlighted the role of the Divine Power in guiding Moses’ mother, in each step, particularly in the plan of hiding him not to be slain, thus showing her high spirit, faith and submission to God in that situation. Also, Al-Qur’an mentioned the Divine prophecy of Moses’ prophethood and mission to the children of Israel, and described Moses’ sister as accurate, skillful and tactful in her attempt to protect her brother’s life

Al-Qur’an mentioned with reverence the role of Pharaoh’s wife in saving Moses’ (pbuh) life through keeping him in her custody, bringing wet nurses for him in Pharaoh’s palace and in adopting him.

Tongue impediment was indicated in both sources, but the difference of opinions is about its cause about which nothing is mentioned in any reliable source.

The incident of unintentionally killing the Coptic occurred before Moses’ prophethood, not after it, according to the following:

-Moses (pbuh) lived in Pharaoh’s palace up to his youth, when he grew impatient of Pharaoh’s injustice and suppression and started to gradually desert the palace and get in touch with his Hebrew fellows.

-Moses (pbuh) did not intend nor plan to kill the Egyptian, he just stuck him to stop the fighting, but that stuck was fatal, and was one of the tests therewith Allah (SWT) tested him.

-Al-Qur’an showed Moses (pbuh) after that test as a humble, God-conscious person repenting and supplicating to his Lord, quite different from Moses’ image as an opportunist and cunning person who, in support of his kindred, had planned to commit that act and tried to hide it by burying the killed person in sand, showing no God-fearing or repentance.

-After his immigration to the land of Midian, Allah (SWT) rewarded Mose

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