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Volume :13 Issue : 36 1998      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Islamic Law and Paying Obligatory and Voluntary Aims to Relatives

Auther : Dr. Muhammad Hassan Abu Yahia

 

The Islamic Law and Paying Obligatory and Voluntary Aims to Relatives

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Abu Yahia

The most important conclusions of this study can be summarized in the following:

  1. A relative has a legal right in his relatives’ Zakat of wealth and body out of the following shares: that of Zakat collectors of those whose hearts are attracted (to Islam), of (ransoming) necks (slaves), of the ones penalized (for debts), of (spending) in the way of Allah and of the wayfarers. (9.60).
  2. A muslim is not permitted to pay Zakat of his wealth or body to his descendents of progeny of any level, out of the Zakat shares of the poor (al-fuqaraa’) or the indigent (al-masaakeen) if those relatives belong to any of these two categories.
  3. It is recommended to pay out of the two shares of the poor and the indigent to realties other than descendents and progeny, Such as brothers and sisters and their progeny any foster relatives and maternal uncles and aunts, provided any of these relatives is eligible to those two shares.
  4. It is also recommended to pay voluntary alms to needy relatives of any rank.
  5. It is permissible to pay voluntary aims to rich relatives.
  6. It is more appropriate to pay voluntary alms to relatives whose need is equal to that of non-relatives or severer.
  7. It is more appropriate to pay voluntary alms to non-relatives whose need is severer than that of the relatives.
  8. It is recommendable for non-needy relatives to abstain from accepting or asking for voluntary alms. They are forbidden to pretend of need in order to get them.
  9. In all cases of paying alms to relatives, they must be given according to the rank of closeness. A relative of hostility is to be given precedence over others who are equal to him in rank in order to appease his hostility.
  10. Paying of the expiation (kaffaarah), general vows, penalty, ransom and similar monetary duties that are imposed by the Sharia, must follow the same rules of paying obligatory alms to them.

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