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Volume :13 Issue : 34 1998      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Reporting the Hadiths (Traditions) of the Prophet (PBUH) by Meaning

Auther : Dr. ‘Abdul-Razzaaq Khaleefah ‘ Ash-SHayji

Reporting the Hadiths (Traditions) of the Prophet (PBUH) by Meaning

Dr. ‘Abdul-Razzaaq Khaleefah ‘Ash-SHayji

Dr. ‘Al-Sayyed Muhammd Nouh

In the name of Allah (SWT), the merciful, the Compassionate. Prayers and peace upon the Messenger of Allah (SWT) and upon his household, Companions and those who follow his path propagate his message’ to the Day of judgment.

Failing to defeat it and its Ummah in military confrontations, the enemies of Islam turned over to intellectual and cultural weapons, Their aims were to defame and deform its principles and features, ruin the minds and souls of its followers and divide the lines of the Muslim Ummah in order to be able to dominate them. In their plot, the enemies concentrated on the Sunnah (Tradition) of the Prophet (PBUH) which is intimately integrating with the Quran, confirming it, elucidating it, and completing its teachings.

The Quran must be related verbally, exactly as it was revealed from Allah (SWT) through Gabriel to the Prophet, without changing a single letter. Relating the Quran by meaning is not permitted at all. As for the Hadiths, it is permitted, with certain limits and conditions, to report them by meaning.

The enemies of Islam have tried their best to exploit this license in reporting Hdiths to raise doubts about the authenticity of the whole Sunnah under the pretext that every reporter could have understood a different meaning from the same word. How could then, they questioned, we have trust in Hadiths and depend upon them in deriving laws and establishing rules.

Amidst of their preoccupation by proving their doubts, the enemies forgot or overlooked the great efforts exerted by the Prophet’s companions and the following generations in reporting Hadiths verbally and that the words or phrases reported by meaning were limited compared to the vast majority reported verbally. Not only this, but they had applied rules very accurate and precise rules in order to protect the Sunnah against any form of distortion or alteration.

Our great scholars, specialized in the Sunnah Collecting, verifying, and defending, devised, coined and applied the methodologies and terms suitable to that discipline in their time. Their phraseology used to describe that academic work has become unfamiliar or poorly understandable by many nowadays, as well as their way of presentation is quite different of ours. For these reasons, this problem was chosen to be dealt within this paper – “The Methodologies of Hadith scholars in Reporting Hadith by Meaning” - which was planned as follows:

I. Introduction which includes:

a. Historical review of reporting Hadith by meaning.

b. Definition of “Reporting by meaning”.

c. Reasons of variation in the words of the Hadith.

II. Chapters:

1. Clarification of the view of the scholars who permit reporting Hadith by meaning: restrictions and proofs.

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