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Volume :12 Issue : 32 1997      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Zakat of’ al-Fitr (Ramadan Fast- breaking ):Its Laws and New Applications

Auther : Dr. Muhammad ‘Abdul-Ghaffar’ ash-Shareef

Zakat of’ al-Fitr (Ramadan Fast- breaking ):Its Laws and New Applications

Dr. Muhammad ‘Abdul-Ghaffar’ ash-Shareef

1. The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) enjoined the zakat to be purification for the provision for the poor.

2. It is due by existing of the a Muslim who completed the fast of Ramadan and broke his fast.

3. It is due by the break of dawn of ‘Eed (feast) after fast-breaking, thus it is recommended to be given out before going out for ‘Eed prayer’, and must not be delayed beyond that day. Whoever, out of negligence, has delayed it beyond the ‘Eed day, he sinful and he must also pay it.

4. It can be paid in advance starting from the beginning of Ramadan.

5. It is enjoyed upon every Muslim who possesses more than the necessary provision and needs for himself and his dependents. He has to pay or on behalf of himself and of all those Muslims who is responsible for, as his wife,…etc. He is not responsible to pay it on behalf of those who are not judicial dependents of him, such as his earning children, servant, driver or the needy whom he voluntarily help.

6. Deferred debts do not cancel the duty of zakat ‘ al-fitr, but the prompt ones have priority.

7. The Muslim must pay out what he of the amount of zakat of himself and of his dependents if he is not able to pay the full amount.

8. He does not have to get loan in order to pay zakat.

9. The poor who paid zakat al-fitr is permitted to accept if from others.

10. It is recommended to pay this zakat on behalf of the fetus, but it is not compulsory.

11. It is preferable for the Muslim to distribute his zakat by himself, though he can pay it to the government or authorize somebody else to distribute it.

12. Intention is a prerequisite for soundness of zakat, hence it is not legal for zakat establishments to bay in advance approximated amounts of zakat to be refunded later from the Muslims’ zakat payments.

13.

14. The government zakat establishments are representative of the poor, while the public ones are representative of zakat payers.

15. Zakat establishments are not entitled to use zakat funds in a way not in line with zakat Islamic system, except for clear emergency needs.

16. Zakat establishments are not responsible for zakat delay if they did not find enough recipients or time for distribution.

17. Zakat ‘ al-fitr is to be taken from the good food stuffs commonly used in the society, not from the bad ones, Also, its cash value can do if it more beneficial for the poor, more easier for the prayer or recommended by the government.

18. The enjoined amounts of zakat from each person is half a “saa” (c.1.25 kg) of wheat, or one “saa” (c.2.5 kg) of other stuffs, or the cash value of these amounts.

19. Zakat ‘al-fitr is to be distributed where the prayer is living, or where he availa

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