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Volume :6 Issue : 14 1989      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

‘Zakah’ Welfare Contribution and Taking Care of Basic Personal Needs

Auther : By: Dr: Muhammad ‘Uthman Shubayr

Zakah’ Welfare Contribution and Taking Care of Basic Personal Needs

By: Dr: Muhammad ‘Uthman Shubayr

The institution of Zakah is the most unique system in that it takes care of and satisfies man’s basic private needs. It defines basic needs and sets the principles or providing alms to every individual who is neither able nor his relatives are to provide him with his requirements and it has exempted these requirements from aims-giving. The present researcher who aims by this study to draw attention to this vital aspect of ‘Zakah’ reaches to the following conclusions:

    1. Basic private needs provided by Zakah include, according to Shari’ah, basic necessities of life, other needed items and facilities necessary for the well-being of the individual to attain sufficiency consistent with current norms in time and place and to ensure social solidarity among Muslims.
    2. The orientation for basic personal items which are provided by Zakah to the poor is that it should be sufficient to satisfy their needs for food, clothing, housing etc. and suitable to the state of whoever it is given to on condition that it is not given in excess of one’s needs or parsimoniously (to the poor).
    3. to be sure of those who rightly deserve Zakah (or to the really entitled to it), accurate information about the recipients must be gathered through available means without hurting or causing them injury or loss of self-respect. The person entitled to receive Zakah should not be asked to present evidence of his proverty or to take an oath, except in doubtful cases or in cases of one’s insistence on his right to charity when obvious evidence indicate the opposite.
    4. The criterion for items exempted from alms giving that: These should be the minimum requirements necessary and sufficient for the subsistence of both the individual and his dependents such as expenditure on food, clothing, housing, instruments necessary to carry our work and costly books needed by scholars.

 

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