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Volume :16 Issue : 46 2001      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Imam Abu Hafs ‘Amr Ibn Ali Al- Basri – Al-Fallas As a Muhaddith and Critic: A Critique.

Auther : Dr. Muwaffaq Ibn Abd-Allah Ibn Abd- Al- Qader

Imam Abu Hafs was so famous in his time, and was praised by scholars and critics due to his great efforts in purifying Sunnah and its disciplines.

 

The famous scholar Imam Abu hatim Al-Razi asked him to review his book and accepted his view in the narrators included dropping those whom he distrusted.

Imam Abu Hafs was born after 160 A.H. in Al-Basrah, lived in the first Abbasid era and the beginning of the second one which was generally characterized by stability that led to scientific progress, social development and allowed scholars in all fields to dedicate themselves to research.

Imam Abu Hafs was one of those who dedicated their life to study since their early childhood. He studied under the scholars of his region, and then he traveled to other regions to seek knowledge and to hear Hadith from scholars there.

He traveled to Hijaz and studies under scholars of Al-Haramayn, stayed long in Makkah and learned a lot of scholars there. Then, he traveled to Esfahan, which was of renowned scholastic fame, and heard from its scholars high chains of transmission (Isnads), then to Baghdad, the world capital at that time, to learn from its scholars and to teach Hadith there. Baghdadi scholars honored him having heard of his fame. He left Baghdad to Samarra where he was greatly honored and entertained, and where he greatly endeavored to deliver lots of Hadiths feeling that his life was about to come to an end.

Imam Abu Hafs lived about 89 years through which he met about 67 scholars. Innumerable students studied under him, among them were Imam Al-Bukhari and Al-Nasa’i.

As for his works, Imam Al-Dhahabi said: He authored and collected many and we received some of his high Hadiths. The most important of his works were:

1. History, 2. Tad‘eef Al-Rijal (de-authentication of transmitters), 3. Al-Tafseer, 4. A Part of the Hadith of ‘Amr Ibn Ali Al-Fallas, 5. Al-‘ilal ( defects), 6. Al-Musnad, 7. Naming those who heard from Prophet (PBUH) of the Qays ‘Aylan tribe.

Scholars’ praise on him:

His colleges praised him in various forms and terms that indicate his high status. Among these testimonies: trustworthy, reliable, memorizer, a man of Hadith, one of the nobility of Hadith, among reliable memorizers. These sayings, no doubt, indicate his high status and his mastery of disciplines.

His death:

He died on Wednesday, 5 days before the end of Dhu Al-Qi‘dah, 249 A.H.

The Critic Muhaddith:

Imam Abu Hafs was a Muhaddith of high ability in the discipline of Hadith transmission; therefore, many memorizers and Muhaddiths, such as Al-Bukhari and others, accepted many of his narrations. Al-Bukhari accepted 51 narrations of him, Muslim 11, Al-Nasa’I in Al-Sunan Al- Sughra (Minor), 297, and in Al-Kubra (major) 427. Hardly, could you find a Muhaddith or Imam who did not accept some of his narrations.

As for criticism, i.e. distinguishing between good and bad, he was an expert and his methodology was characterized by clarifying the situations of transmitters concerning authentication, de-authentication, verifying their date of birth, of death, their countries, journeys, mentioning their characteristics, dispositions, affiliation, and the soundest chains reported through them.

Due to all these merits, he was to scholars a critic of the

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