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Volume :15 Issue : 41 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Meanings of Iman (Faith) in The Holy Quran.

Auther : Dr. Inayatu Allah Iblagh

This paper consists of an introduction, three chapters and a conclusion.

The introduction clarifies the importance and necessity of such studies in the field of faith (‘aqeedah) for reaching the depth of its issues, particularly their relations to the Quranic verses.

Chapter1 deals with the lexical and terminological meaning of the word “ ’iman (faith). Lexically, “ ’iman” as a verbal noun, has one meaning, “to provide security” as in the Quranic verse: وءامنهم من خوف ” ( and Who provided them with security against fear(of danger)(106:4). The meaning “ to believe” is a metaphorical usage of this term, a point that was not indicated by other scholars. Through studying the verses including the term ’iman, it is noticed that the preposition ‘bi’ (بِ) is more in usage than the preposition ‘li’ (لِ)which indicates that it is use to mean ‘to recognize, or confess’ (اعترف بـ).

Chapter 2 introduces and discusses the different views of scholars on the meaning of ‘iman with careful analysis of a very important issue which is the difference between Ahl Al-Hadith’s viewpoint and The Mu‘tazilites’ viewpoint, a difference that was misunderstood by some contemporary scholars who inaccurately said that deeds are included in ‘iman, without clarifying that to Ahl Al-Hadith deeds are perfecting ‘iman, not a fundamental component of it; hence, lack of deeds will not render ‘iman nonexistent. On the other hand, deeds, according to Mu’tazilites, constitute an indispensable part without which ‘iman is rendered invalid.

The views of Al- Karamiyyah, that ‘iman is nothing than confession, and those of Al-Jahmiyyah that ‘iman is nothing than cognition, were also discussed.

Ch.3 clarifies the basic differences between ‘logical’ and ‘faithful’ (heartfelt) belief. Both are called belief, but the content is quite different. ‘Logical’ belief is concerned only with the formulas and inference requiring no confirmation, while the faithful belief requires heartfelt confirmation and submission. Based upon this, the researcher believes that faith scholars are more concerned with the content acquired by heart and not only the verbal formulas. Many faith issues are affected by realizing the real difference between these two concepts in understanding the essence of belief.

The conclusion stressed the importance of revisiting and analyzing such issues nowadays so as to benefit from deep study of Al-Quran in order to reach facts and prove the falsehood of all distortions and destructive misconceptions of those misguided writers who endeavor to take Muslims away from their sound faith.

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