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Volume :15 Issue : 40 2000      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Effect of Connecting and Stopping

Auther : Dr. Ahmad Ibn Ahmad Shirshal

Knowing when to stop, pause or terminate recitation is very necessary and highly emphasized for any one who recites the Glorious Book of Allah, Al-Quran. Quranic scholars, in the past and in the present, had deep interest in this respect. Ali Ibn Abi Talib was quoted saying: Recitation is to perfect pronunciation and to know when to stop and when to connect. This importance is due to the fact that connection, pausing and stopping affect the meaning, legal rules and faith issues. Our jurists and commentators had passed some decisions on the bases of these recitation aspects. Hence, the reciter must be accurate in observing these rules as well as the exact pronunciation of sounds. Meanings of the Quranic texts cannot be duly acquired except through accurate application of rules of connection, stopping and terminating.

The signs of stopping, pausing and terminating used in todays copies of Al-Quran at the end of the different quantitative divisions of Al-Quran, (such as Thumun 1/8, rubu 1/4 or Hizb 1/2 of a juz, 1/30 part of Al-Quran), are sometimes put before the completion of the meaning, sometimes in the middle of a verse. This system contradicts with the basic objective of reciting Al-Quran.

Some references indicate that dividing Al-Quran on the basis of letters, not meaning, was done for the first time in Iraq, in the time of Al-Hajjaj Ibn Yousuf Al-Thaqafi, then it spread everywhere.

That way of segmentation was narrated by a number of scholars who were not pleased by it; rather they expressed their objection and indicated the right positions of terminating or starting recitation.

Prophets Companions (rd.) used to decide divisions by verses or Suras (chapters) taking into consideration the integrity of meaning, topics or stories, thus avoiding terminating within the coherent meaning. They (rd.) were well aware of the importance of good stopping and starting which clarifies the meaning.

As for that newly introduced way of letter-based division, it has proved to be useless and disapproved by a number of good scholars and reciters. Hence, we preferred to introduce a new method of division that supports, and dos not cancel the old one, but it cares for the integrity and completion of meaning. This method is more helpful to memorizers of Al-Quran in memorizing, confirming and remembering. Memorizing coherent and related segments is easier than incomplete ones. Also, being aware of the meaning helps a lot in reinforcing memorized parts and understanding both the lessons and the laws.

It is the duty of Muslims to provides all types of full care and protection for Al-Quran, the Book of Allah, because it is undoubtedly the source of guidance for them and for the whole mankind in life issues.

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Nov 04, 2019

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