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Volume :26 Issue : 87 2011      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Belief Phases In Al-Ash'ari school

Auther : Dr. Abdullah Ibn Dujein Ali Al-Sahli


Belief Phases In Al-Ash'ari school
Dr. Abdullah Ibn Dujein Ali Al-Sahli
Prof. Associate – King Su'od University
Faculty of Education – Islamic Culture Division – K.S.A
Al-Ash'ari group was a large group which developed a great deal. It had passed a long time since its appearance. Disputes arose among its leaders. Therefore, the researcher divides Al-Ash'ari school into three phases.
First Phase : Kelabis Ash'ari's who were followers of Ibn kelab in logic science. He denied selective qualities of Allah and confirmed stated qualities of highness and straightness and their explanation. Those were represented by Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ash'ari and his old friends.
The second phase : Mu'tazilah Ash'ari's who surpassed in their heresies those of the previous phase agreement with Al-Mu'tazilah on some issues, negating the information and narrations of the Hadiths of the only one narrator, claiming they do not add benefit to science and knowledge. They also negate informative qualities. They explain them in their own way. They negate highness and straightness. They bear grudge and enmity to Al-Sunna people and defame them. They give excuses to believers of heresies like Al-Juweini and Al-Qusheiri.
The Third phase : Al-Ash'ari philosophers. This type of Ash'aris who add to the afore-said the full deserting of the text of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths of the Holy Prophet. They mix philosophy with argumentative speech considering them as part of their school. They agree with philosophers on some issues. They defend believers of dead people's abilities to do miracles and defend people who associate humans with Allah which is shirk and their great enmity to people of Sunnah. Examples of Ahl Al-Sunna are : Al-Ghazzali, Al-Razi,  Al-Haitami And Al-Nabhani and others.
 

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