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Volume :20 Issue : 63 2005      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Al-Mandoub (Recommended): Definition and Categories

Auther : Dr. Rashid Su’oud Al-Rashid Al-Emairi.

Lexically, Al-Mandoub means any thing requested to be done. Technically in the jurisprudence, it means whatever the Sharia requests to be done but not compulsory.

 

Concerning its importance, Al-Mandoub, to many scholars, is of different categories.  They differed in labeling them, but they unanimously considered the highest of them is the sunnah which, in there opinion, must have been done regularly by the Prophet (pbuh).  This categorization has some effects on Fiqh to Hanafi and Maliki scholars. As for Shafi’i and Hanafi *scholars, categorization is not more than a matter of terminology.

 

Concerning Al- Mukallaf (the person in charge or assigned the duty), Al-Mandoub is either ‘personal”(Mandoub ‘ayni) or “collective” ((mandoub kifayah), but such categorization in just terminological with no real effect.

 

It is noticed that Fiqh scholars were the ones who were concerned most by categorizing Al-Mandoub, and Usul scholars just followed them.

 

To Hanafi scholars, sunnah and Wajib are equal; hence they considered dropping emphasized Sunnah is a punishable sin, but their scrupulous scholars rejected that. 

 

Through careful investigation, we found that even those who considered dropping sunnah is a sin had differentiated between emphasized sunnah and wajib in other cases. In this way, emphasized sunnah and wajib are different and not equal in all rulings to Hanafi scholars.

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