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Volume :5 Issue : 16 1988      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Quality before Quantity and age in foreign language introduction an investigation into the Effects of an early start of EFL learning on students Achievement

Auther : Mohammad R. Zughoul & Kapure Ahlawat & Abdullah Mezher

This study is aimed primarily at investigating the effects of the early start of English instruction in Grade 1 in some Jordanian Private schools on students” achievement in English in higher grades after they transfer to state schools. The effects of the sex factor as well as the effects of the interaction between private schooling and sex were also investigated.

Three samples representing Grades 6, 9, and 12 were chosen. The study groups for sixth, ninth and twelfth grades were matched with a similar sample (control group) from state school students. The first same study group-Grade 6-had an advantage of four years of English instruction in private schools over the control group before joining the state schools in the fifth grade. In the ninth grade, two study groups were chosen; the first stayed in private school for four years and the second for six years. The third study group, that of Grade 12, included three different groups; those who stayed for four, six, or nine years in private schools.

The major findings of the study showed that there were no significant difference (x < 05) in achievement in English between the students who started English in Grade 1 private schools and those who started English four years later in Grade 5 in state schools. This finding applied to all study groups. There were also no significant differences (x<05) in achievement in English among the students of the private school background who stayed at private school for four, six, and nine years. However, the girls of the ninth grade sample scoured significantly higher on the achievement test than the boys, whereas in the other two samples no such significant differences in achievement in English between the males and the females were found.

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