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Volume :9 Issue : 36 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Verbal Auditory Discrimination Test: a prelimanary standardization study on the fourth and fifth grads in Kuwaiti Schools

Auther : Mohammed R. Eassa

Preception deficiency has been widely accepted as a hypothesis underlying learning difficulty. This has led to understand the importance of developing instruments for measuring such deficiency. Various studies have indicated that language difficulties are either a cause of LD or an indicator of the same. As for Language development and acquisition, reception errors lie behind production errors. Thus, good perception and valid perceptual discrimination are essential for cognitive and linguistic performance.

Wepman Auditory Discrimination Test is considered one of the best and widely used for verbal auditory diagnosis in English. The present study aims at introducing a verbal auditory discrimination test in Arabic. Such test is supposed to be based on the phonological system of Arabic and the area of defective interference or displacement resulting in weak v.a.d.

The study falls in two parts. The first deals with the theoretical background. It reviews topics as the relation between auditory discrimination and language acquisition as well as learning difficulties. It also reviews some tests used for similar purposes, throwing some light on their pros and cons. The second introduces the newly developed test (V.A.D.T), rationale, criteria, components, modality, standardization, norms, and some points to be kept in consideration while interpreting results. Standardization sample consists of 322 pupils in the fourth, fifth grades selected from different Kuwaiti schools. Results indicate high reliability, Stability, and internal consistency.

Moreover, the inferential statistics show:

A) Significant differences between pupils enrolled in the fourth grade and those in the fifth grade favouring the latter.

B) Auditory discrimination is much better when different morphemes are at the beginning of the words rather than in the middle or at the end.

C) Familiarity of the word plays an important role in eliciting auditory discrimination.

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