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Volume :2019 Issue : 132 2019      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Optimism and Pessimism As Related to Life Satisfaction for University Students (A Field Study on A Sample of Islamic University Students in Gaza)

Auther : Dr. Amal A. Nejm

The study aims to explore the level of optimism and pessimism and their relationship to life satisfaction among second and fourth year university students. The researcher used a descriptive analytical method. The study sample comprised (335) male and female students from the Islamic University enrolled in the summer semester.The method used in this study included a questionnaire to measure life satisfaction and scales of optimism and pessimism. The study concluded with the following results: Optimism and the proactive life coping dimensions obtained first place with relative weights consecutively of (70.01% and 78.22%). Next, pessimism social relations dimensions obtained second place with relative weights consecutively of (48.81% and 78.17%). Life Satisfaction dimensions occupied fourth place with a relative weight of (66.28%). Overall the total score of the life satisfaction questionnaire obtained a relative weight of (73.29 %). The results showed: positive correlation was found between optimism, dimensions of life satisfaction, and its total score. Negative correlation was found between pessimism and life satisfaction. No statistically significant differences can be attributed to the variables: gender, marital status, student`s major, academic level, and GPA. The researcher recommends supporting and forming programs as well as workshops, to support the youth to increase the level of optimism and life satisfaction, as well as to decrease their pessimism. It is important to realize that enhancing the youth`s opportunities to succeed will help create a better future.

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Dec 05, 2019

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