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Volume :21 Issue : 82 2007      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Relationship Between the First Scientific Secondary Graders Formal Thinking and their Attitudes Towards Biology and their Conceptual Knowledge of Photosynthesis

Auther : Dr. Salem A. Alkhawaldeh

The purpose of this study was to identify the first secondary graders conceptual knowledge of photosynthesis and investigate the relationship between their formal thinking and attitudes towards Biology and their conceptual knowledge of photosynthesis through answering the following four questions:
1#What is the level of the conceptual knowledge of photosynthesis of first secondary graders? Does this level differ from the educational accepted level (9.8) degree?
2#Does the conceptual knowledges level vary because of formal thinking?
3#Does the conceptual knowledges level vary because of attitude towards Biology?
4#Is there an effect in the level of conceptual knowledge of photosynthesis attributed to the interaction of the formal thinking and attitudes towards Biology?
In order to answer these questions and to test the four hypotheses, a sample of (130) students was sampled from (269) males in the first secondary graders. They form about (48.33%) of the population. Three instruments were used in the study: Logical Thinking Test, Attitudes towards Biology Scale and the Conceptual Knowledge of Photosynthesis Test.
T- test and 2\times2 analysis of variance were used to test the hypotheses of the study.
The results of this study showed that:
-  The conceptual knowledges level of photosynthesis among first secondary graders was (3.80) degrees and its percentage was (27.14%) which is less than the educational accepted level (9.8) degrees at difference of (6) degrees; the difference is statistically significant.
-  There is a significant difference between the means of the conceptual knowledges level attributed to formal thinking; it was (5.07) degrees among the formal thinking and (2.89) degrees among the concrete thinkers.
-  There is a significant difference between the means of the conceptual knowledges level attributed to attitudes towards Biology; it was (4.43) degrees among students of positive attitudes and (2.48) degrees among students of negative attitudes towards Biology.
-  There is no significant effect for common interaction between formal thinking and attitudes towards Biology upon the conceptual knowledges level of photosynthesis among first secondary graders.
Several recommendations were suggested upon the results of the study.

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