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Volume : 2020 Issue : 136 2020

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Author :Fatima S. Aljahwari - Dr. Mohamed T. Othman- Dr. Said S. Al-Dhafri
Discipline :education

The Effectiveness of Study Skills to Improve Grade 10 Female Students' General and Academic Self-Efficacy Beliefs in OmanThe study aims to investigate the effectiveness of a study skills training program on improving grade 10 female students' general and academic self-efficacy beliefs in Muscat in The Sultanate of Oman during the academic year 2016/2017. For the purpose of the study, a quasi- experimental design was used. The experimental group included 29 female students, whereas 27 female students were chosen as the control group. The researchers applied two instruments: general self-efficacy beliefs scale and the academic self-efficacy beliefs scale. The Alpha Cronbach for the two tests was 0.85 and 0.84, respectively. The results revealed significant statistical differences between the means of the experimental group and the control group in the post test of the general self-efficacy beliefs at p0.05, favoring the experimental group. The results also showed significant statistical differences between the means of the pre and post scale of the general self-efficacy beliefs, at p0.05, favoring the posttest. In addition, no significant statistical differences were found when examining the levels of academic self-efficacy beliefs, although the program had a moderate effect size based on Cohen's criteria (0.54). Recommendations and suggestions are provided in light of the results. Keywords: study skills, self-efficacy,training program.

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Author :Dr. Abdullah M. Almutairi
Discipline :education

Distributive Justice of Educational Resources in Accordance to John Rawls' Theory of JusticeInequalities of distributing the educational resources that some students get compared to others raise many questions concerning the justice in our distribution of educational resources; such as: what are the criteria according to which we can judge our distribution of educational resources to be just? This paper discusses this issue in reference to one of the most influential current theories of justice; namely, John Rawls' Theory of Justice. This paper starts with a general discussion of Rawls' theory and its main themes. Then, the discussion moves to a specific study of Rawls' principles of distributive justice. Henceforth, the study moves to how to apply Rawls' principles of justice as fairness to the realm of educational resources. To conclude, this paper presents the benefits of using Rawls' theory as well as the obstacles that might reduce the benefits of that use. Key Words: Rawls Theory, Rducational fairness, Distributive Justice.

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Author :Dr. Nayef L. Al-Metery
Discipline :education

Training Needs for the Basic Stage Teachers in KuwaitThis study aims to know the training needs for the basic stage teachers in Kuwait. To achieve this purpose, the researcher developed a 40-item questionnaire, distributed into five domains: Planning, Classroom Management, Teaching Competencies, Implementation and Evaluation, then it was applied to a sample of (124) males and females teachers who teach first basic stage selected from eight schools purposely from government schools in Kuwait in school year (2017/2018). The results showed that the level of training needs was moderate, there are no statistically significant differences in teachers' estimating for the teacher's training needs that can be attributed to gender and qualification variables, and statistically significant differences in teachers' estimating for the teacher's training needs attributed to experience in favor to more than ten years of experience. The study recommended that training courses must be suitable for the teachers needs; especially in developing of the teacher's skills. Keywords: Training Needs, Basic Stage.

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Author : - Dr. Othman O. Al-Oamassi Dr. Ahmad F. Saleh
Discipline :education

Psychological Problems Resulting from Sport Violence Among Players in Collective Games In Gaza GovernoratesThis study aims to identify the psychological problems resulting from sport violence among players in collective games in the provinces of Gaza. The researchers adopted the descriptive and analytical approach. The study sample included 205 players from the Premier League who were chosen randomly, a percentage of (26.2%) of the original community. The researchers developed and applied a questionnaire consisting of (39) items, including four areas (anxiety, fear, anger and intolerance, attitudinal isolation). Results showed that the total score in the psychological problems resulting from sport violence among players in collective games in Gaza governorates has a medium rate of (53.92%), and (anxiety) comes at the top order with a relative weight of (58.72%), followed by (fear) with a relative weight of (54.75%), followed by (anger and intolerance) with a relative weight of (51.37%), and finally comes (situational isolation) with relative weight of (50.91%). In addition, the results showed no statistically significant differences can be attributed to the game variables or the years of experience as of the psychological problems resulting from sport violence among players in collective games in Gaza governorate provinces. The researcher recommends activating guidance programs for the players to deal with psychological problems resulting from sports violence, and to tighten the sanctions and security procedures during sport activities. Keywords: Psychological Problems, Sport Violence, Players, Collective Games

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Author :Dr. Ahmad I. Soman
Discipline :education

The Effect of Using Learning Cycle Strategy (5E's) On Acquisition of Grammatical Concepts and Improvement of Inductive Thinking for Tenth Grade Students in JordanThe purpose of this study is to identify the effect of using learning cycle strategy (5E's) on acquisition of grammatical concepts and improvement of inductive thinking for tenth grade students in Jordan compared to the ordinary teaching method, a total of (65) randomly selected students participated in the study, distributed into two groups: experimental group of (32) students and control group of (33) students. The researcher prepared a teacher guide and lesson plans, the study utilized acquisition of grammatical concepts test, and inductive thinking test. Findings showed a statistically significant difference (a40.05) in 10th graders' acquisition of grammatical concepts and in inductive thinking skills due to teaching method¡ in favor of the learning cycle. The researcher recommends using learning cycle strategy in teaching grammar. Keywords: Learning Cycle Strategy, Grammatical Concepts Acquisition, Inductive Thinking, Tenth Grade Students.

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Author :Dr. Maali M. Alabdulhadi
Discipline :education

The Extent of Total Quality Standards in Teaching Practices of Islamic Education Teachers in Secondary Schools in the State of KuwaitThe present study aims to investigate the extent of total quality standards in teaching practices of Islamic education teachers in secondary schools of the State of Kuwait, according to the impact of the gender and the years of teaching experience variables. A research questionnaire was designed and consisted of (30) items distributed into three dimensions: planning, implementation, and evaluation. The study was conducted on a random sample of (169) Islamic education teachers in the public secondary schools. The results of the study revealed that total quality standards were available at a high level in the teaching practices (planning, implementation and evaluation) for the teachers of Islamic education. No statistical significant differences (a = 0.05) were found according to gender or year of experiences between the responses of the sample. The study recommended the need to hold training courses for Islamic education teachers to introduce ways of activating the strategy of self-learning according to the overall quality standards, and encourage Islamic education teachers to employ technological teaching methods in teaching Islamic education to achieve the Total Quality standards in education. Keywords: Total Quality Standards in Education- Teaching Practices for Teachers.

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Author :Dr. Hanan A. Rezq
Discipline :education

Impact of Using Suchman Inquiry Model on Development of Critical Thinking Skills when Teaching Maths to Primary Stage Female PupilsThe study is an attempt to find out how far the Suchman Inquiry Model is effective for developing critical thinking skills when teaching maths to primary stage female pupils. The researcher used a two-group quasi-experimental research design. She applied the experiment to 50 grade four female pupils in the primary stage in Mecca. A teaching guidebook based on the Suchman model as well as a critical thinking test has been prepared. The hypotheses have been examined through employing the t-test statistical technique. The following results have been reached: There is no statistically significant difference at the (0.05) level between the mean score of the female pupils of the two groups (the experimental group (who studied through the Suchman model) and the control group (who studied through the traditional way) regarding the pre-application of the critical thinking test at the overall score level. There are differences in the post-test between the control and experimental groups at the levels of the critical thinking skills (hypothesis forecasting- interpretation-derivation - deduction) in favor of the experimental group. This latter result shows that the Suchman Inquiry Model has a positive impact on critical thinking skills when teaching maths to primary stage female pupils. Keywords: Suchman Inquiry Model, Critical Thinking, Maths for Primary Stage.

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Author :Safyya M. AL-Kathiri - Dr. Maryam H. Turkestany
Discipline :education

Applying Practices of Division for Early Childhood Department in the Council of Exceptional Children by Teachers of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children in RiyadhThis study aims to recognize level of applying practices of the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) in the Council of Exceptional Children by female teachers of deaf and hard of hearing children in early childhood according to variables of specialization, qualification, years of teaching experience, and number of training courses related to special education. The researchers used the descriptive method and developed a questionnaire consisting of two parts: primary data and practices of (DEC) in dimensions of (evaluation, environment, family, education, interaction, cooperation of the team, and transition). The study included all participants (n= 200). The study revealed a high level of applying practices of (DEC) by teachers. The most used practice was interaction while the least used practice was transition. There were statistically significant differences at the level of (0.05) in applying practices of (DEC) related to family. These differences are attributed to specialization for teachers specialized in teaching deaf and hard of hearing children. The study didn't reveal any other differences related to other variables.

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Author :Prof. El Sayed M. Abu Hashem
Discipline :education

Constructive Validity of Affective Strategies in the Learning Process Scale of University studentsThis study aims to identify the Construct Validity of the Affective Strategies in the Learning Process Scale, (Villardon-Gallego Yaniz, 2014). The sample consisted of 250 male and female graduate students in the Faculty of Education in King Saud University. Some Statistical methods were used: Exploratory Factor Analysis - Confirmatory Factor Analysis - Pearson correlation coefficient - Cronbachs Alpha - T-test- One-way ANOVA. Results showed acceptable indicators of construct validity of the scale that can be summarized in: - Saturation of the scale items to five factors: avoidance of effort, Social image, external control of anxiety, intrinsic motivation, and internal control of anxiety. - Saturation of the five factors on one latent factor is the Affective strategies - Significant differences were found among males and females students in all strategies Except the strategy of avoiding effort came in the direction of students. - Significant differences impact of Grade Point Average GPA on Affective strategies in Learning Processes. - A high degree of internal consistency of scale was achieved using (correlation coefficients and Cronbachs Alpha Coefficient). Results indicate the validity of the scale for using in the Arab environment, the researcher recommended further research on the scale using different samples and comparing Affective strategies through educational stages and various specialties. Keywords: Constructive Validity, Affective Strategies, Undergraduate Students.

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Author :Dr. Mohammed S. Solieman
Discipline :education

The Effects of Visual Stimulation on Developing Art Expression and Figural Creative Thinking among Students with Mild Intellectual DisabilityThe current research aims to identify the effect of visual sensory enrichment on developing art expression and figural creative thinking for mild intellectual disability. The participants consisted of (34) students (M=12.06, SD=2.124). The instruments consisted of test of creative thinking -drawing production CT-DP and test of art expression (drawing on the topic of peculiar flower). The researcher used quasi- experimental design that based on only one experimental group. The researcher used the t-test for paired samples. The results indicated that there are a significant differences between the mean scores of pre- and post-tests of the experimental group on certain aspects of TCT-DP (completion, new elements, and humor) and on all aspects of the flower drawing (color, shape, proportion, and spatial distribution) in favor to post-test. Keywords: Mild Intellectual Disability; Art Expression; Figural Creative Thinking; Visual Enrichment

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Author :Dr. Khalid I. Al-Matroudi
Discipline :education

An Analytical Study of Creative Thinking Skills Included in The Evaluation Questions and Accompanying Activities in the Islamic Education Courses in the Secondary School ProgramThe aim of this study is to find out the extent of the inclusion of the creative thinking skills in the content of evaluation and activities accompanying the Islamic education courses in the joint- courses programme in the high school level. The researcher adopted the descriptive and analytical approach.The study analysed 597 evaluative questions and 572 accompanying activities. Results indicate that the total score for the three major areas for creative thinking (Fluency, Flexibility Originality) included in the evaluation questions and the accompanying activities in all courses came as low. Also, the fluency dimension was the highest in the inclusion of creative thinking in the evaluative questions and the accompanying activities in the four books, followed by the two other dimensions; flexibility and then originality. Futhermore, the results indicate statistically significant differences between the average of the ranking of the skills related to the change of contents in every course (creed, hadith, jurisprudence) and in the overall total. As regarding the mean scores, they came in favour of the skills included in the accompanying activities. Keywords: Islamic Education Courses - Innovative Thinking Skills - Evaluation Questions - Accompanying Activities - Secondary Stage.

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Author :Dr. Majed H. El-deeb
Discipline :education

The Effectiveness of the Active Learning Strategies in the Development of Achievement and Maths Teaching Skills of Female Students in the College of Education, and Their Attitudes Towards ItThe study aims to investigate the effect of employing active learning on academic achievement and the development of mathematics teaching skills of students in the Faculty of Education, Gaza Governorate, and their attitudes towards mathematics active learning strategies. The study used quasi-experimental approach The study sample consisted of 110 students divided into two groups: the first experimental group (59) students, and the control group of (51) student. The study consisted tools to test the academic achievement and an observation checklist as well as a scale of attitudes towards mathematics active learning strategies. The study results were in favor of the students in the experimental group who learned the suggested unit by active learning strategies on their peers in the control group who learned the same unit by the traditional way in academic achievement, and mathematics skills teaching, and attitudes towards mathematics active learning strategies.; The study recommended the need to review the programs for preservice teachers in line with the importance of active learning strategies in achievement and the development of mathematics teaching skills and attitudes towards active learning. keywords: Skills, Active Learning Strategies, Training Practice, Teaching of Mathematics, Trends.

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Author :Dr. Fatinah S. Al--Sharif
Discipline :education

The Appropriateness of International Classification Standards for the Arab Universities Status: An Evaluative StudyThe aim of this research is to explore the appropriateness of the international classification criteria for universities to the Arab universities case. To achieve this goal, the research begins by presenting the challenges faced by Arab universities, and then examining the most famous criteria of the international classification of universities related to Arab universities. In order for the study not to be mere theoretical, a questionnaire containing the criteria adopted in the most famous international classifications was developed and distributed to faculty members and officials in Arab universities to inquire about the appropriateness of these criteria for the nature of Arab universities. The study showed that the selection of Nobel Prizes, and the focus on research published in English, deprived many Arab universities from entering the global classifications. Accordingly, the study suggested adding new criteria depending on Arab universities situation. If this is not possible, a new international classification standard must be established, taking into account the specificity of the Arab and Islamic countries. Keywords: Universities Ranking Criteria, Times Higher Education (THE), QS Top Universities Ranking, Webometrics Ranking, ARWA ranking.

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Author :Dr. Mahmoud J. Al-Salkhi
Discipline :education

The Effectiveness of Using Digital Quran Read Pen in Teaching Al -Tajweed Rules for the 5th Grade StudentsThis study aims at indicating the effectiveness of using Digital Quran Read Pen, equipped with an electronic speaking device, in teaching the rules of Al-Tajweed curriculum assigned to the students of the primary 5th grade. In order to accomplish this objective, the empirical procedure was applied on a group of 29 female students who were taught using Digital Quran Read Pen. On the other hand, a control group of 30 students were taught using the conventional method. Also, an oral examination was applied on the two study groups. The study results reported the existence of statistical indicative differences between the average scores of the empirical group students related to applying and identifying the kind of the assigned Al-Tajweed rule. The study results were in favor of the post-examination. Also, the study results reported the existence of statistical indicative differences between the average scores of the students of the two study groups in the post-oral examination related to the application of the Al-tajweed rules, and the average scores in the post-oral examination related to identifying the kind of Al-Tajweed rule. The study results were in favor of the empirical group. Keywords: Digital Quran Read Pen, Al -Tajweed Rules.

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Author :Dr. Mohamed M. Sywelem
Discipline :education

Secondary Schools' Mechanisms for Developing the Security Culture of their Students (A field study)Developing the security culture among the society's individuals and providing them with the elements of comprehensive security and the mechanisms of achieving it has become one of the most important societal demands. The current study aims at identifying the theoretical background of security culture (its concept, aims, importance, functions, and the reasons behind developing it), the study also aims at clarifying the relationship between the educational and security institutions, and to what extent secondary schools in Jazan Region contribute to develop the security culture of their students from the perspective of principals and teachers, and whether or not there were significant differences among the participants' perceptions due to variables of the study. The study used the descriptive research method and a questionnaire of (44) items to collect data. The study sample consisted of (334) principals and teachers randomly selected from Jazan secondary schools. The data was analyzed using means, standard deviation, one way ANOVA, t-test. The results indicated that participants' responses regarding the extent to which Jazan secondary schools contribute to develop the security culture of their students were high regarding the dimensions of school administration teachers, moderate regarding the dimensions of curriculum activity, and low regarding the dimension of educational partners. The results also showed that there weren't statistically significant differences among participants' responses due to years of experience. However; there were differences due to gender, position, and specialization. In conclusion, the study suggested a project to develop the security culture in secondary schools. Keywords: Security Culture, Secondary Schools Students

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Author :Amal M. Al-Shehri - Dr. Abdel-Mohsen S. Al-Saif
Discipline :education

The Impact of Using K.W.L Strategy on Academic Achievement in Islamic Jurisprudence of Grade Three at Intermediate SchoolsThis study aims to explore the impact of using K.W.L strategy on the academic achievement in Islamic jurisprudence domain with the grade three intermediate school students. To achieve this objective, the quasi-experimental methodwas adopted. The research sample (n=49) was randomly dividedinto two groups: The experimental (n=27) studied "Foods and drinks unit", using K.W.L strategy - The control (n=22) studied the same unit using the conventional method. An achievement test was applied to both groups, forpre and post tests comparison. Using (T-test) and eta squared, the following results have been reached. Better level of achievement for the students of experimental group compared with the control group at memorizing, understanding, application, in the post-treatment test. There are statistically significant differences at (0.01) between the students' marks of the experimental group and the control group in the achievement test at the three levels in the afterward application in favor of the experimental group. Keywords:Meta-Cognition, Cooperative Learning, Jurisprudence as a School Subject.

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Author :Refa'a M. Alazemi
Discipline :education

The Degree of Primary School Female Principals' Practice of Human Relations in The State of KuwaitThis study aims at identifying the degree to which female primary school principals in al-Farwaniya school district practice Human Relations (HRs) from the viewpoint of assistant principals and department heads. An analytical-descriptive approach was used. The researcher constructed an instrument (a checklist) comprising four dimensions: (1) skills needed for principal to build HRs; (2) human-values??of school principal; (3) behaviors required of principal to create teachers' motivation; (4) behaviors required of principal to create a sense of job satisfaction among teachers. The instrument was applied to a stratified random sample of (258) female primary school assistant principals and department heads in al-Farwaniya school district which represent (50.7%) of total study population. Results revealed: (1) school principals practice high-level HRs behaviors with assistant principals and department heads; (2) behaviors required of principals to create a sense of job satisfaction among teachers were relatively low, (3) no significant differences exist in the perceptions of the sample of the degree female primary school principals practice HRs as for variables of job title and years of experience of school leaders. In the light of these findings, some recommendations were cited; highlighting the need to develop skills necessary for school principals to create an atmosphere of job satisfaction among teachers. Keywords: Buman Relations in School Administration, Job Satisfaction, School Leadership

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Author :Dr. Zyad M. Al-Namrawi
Discipline :education

The Impact of Active Learning on the Acquisition of Mathematics Concepts and the Development of Beliefs towards Mathematics among Eighth-Grade Jordanian StudentsThis study investigates the role of active learning in helping eighth-grade Jordanian students acquire mathematics concepts and develop their beliefs towards mathematics. The research sample consisted of 61 eighth-grade students in a school in Irbid, Jordan. The students were divided into two groups: an experimental group (n=31), and a control group (n=30). For the purpose of this study, the researcher designed a multiple-choice mathematics test made up of twenty items that covered three-dimensional shapes. In addition, the researcher developed a scale of (20) items based on international measurements to assess the development of students' beliefs towards mathematics. The results of the study revealed that there was a statistically significant difference at (a=0.05) in students' attainment of mathematical concepts and in the development of students' beliefs towards learning mathematics. Such differences may be attributed the teaching method of active learning. Therefore, the researcher recommends training mathematics teachers in the methods of active learning in order to develop students' acquisition of mathematics concepts and their beliefs towards mathematics. Keywords: Active Learning, Mathematics Concepts, Beliefs Towards Mathematics.

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Author :Prof. Ali M. Kazem - Dr. Ehab M. Omara -Prof. Ahmed A. Abdel-Khalek
Discipline :education

Factorial Invariance of the Multidimensional Child and Adolescent Depression Scale (MCADS) Among Omani and Kuwaiti Students Across GenderThe present study aims at investigating the factorial invariance of the Multidimensional Child and Adolescent Depression Scale (MCADS) among Omani and Kuwaiti students across gender. A sample of 2536 public school students from Oman and Kuwait participated in this study. Their ages ranged between 11-17 years. Initially, the results of the confirmatory factor analysis of MCADS indicated that a good fit to the data after the deletion of low loadings items (Items: 1, 11, 16, and 23) in the Omani and the Kuwaiti samples. In addition, the results of two-group CFA of MCADS indicated that there is strong factorial invariance across Omani and Kuwaiti samples. Whereas, the results suggested that, there is weak factorial invariance across gender in both samples. Thus, it is not feasible to use the MCADS to compare the mean scores of males and females inside each country. This may be due to the low reliability of children's responses. Keywords: Depression, Factorial Similarity, Children, Adolescents.

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Author :Dr. Al-Anoud M. Al-Ghaith
Discipline :education

Perceptions of Secondary School Principals in Riyadh of Their Roles in Promoting Partnership in Decision-making and Encouraging the Involvement of Teachers and Parents in the Light of The National Vision 2030 for Saudi ArabiaThis study aims to explore the perceptions of secondary school principals in Riyadh of their roles in promoting partnership in decision-making and encouraging the involvement of teachers and parents in the light of the national vision 2030 for Saudi Arabia. The study adopted the descriptive approach. The first three questionnaires were prepared for secondary school principals consisting of (18) paragraphs, the second was directed to secondary school teachers and consisted of (43) paragraphs, while the third questionnaire was directed to the parents and consisted of (29) paragraphs. The sample of the study was (575) individuals distributed as follows (184) secondary school principal, and (180) teachers, and (211) parents. The results of the study showed that high school principals' perceptions of their role in the light of the 2030 Vision in promoting partnership in decision-making were high. The results also showed that the degree of involvement of secondary school principals in decision-making from the teachers 'point of view was high, while the parents' assessment of their involvement in decision-making was moderate. The results did not show any statistically significant differences in the perceptions of secondary school principals of their role in the light of Vision 2030 in the area of decision-making due to the variables of academic qualification and experience. The study recommended that the provisions of Vision 2030 and its spirit should be applied in activating the participation of teachers and parents in decision-making in paragraphs that showed a medium level. Keywords:Role Perception, High School Principals, Vision 2030, Decision Making, Teacher- Parent Partnership.

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Author :Dr. Mohamed A. Shuaibat - Hisham H. Al-Sharabati -Dr. Nagat M. Sharabati
Discipline :education

Implementing Governance in the Directorates of Education in Palestine as Perceived by School Principals and AdministratorsThis study aims at identifying the level of implementing governance in the Directorates of Education in Hebron and Bethlehem from the viewpoint of school principals and administrators by using the descriptive approach. A stratified random sample (n=311) of principals and administrators was chosen forming (30%) of the study population. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers developed a 50-item questionnaire to measure the degree of implementing governance; covering five domains. Reliability and validity of the study were secured by appropriate statistical methods. Results showed that the level of implementing governance in the Directorates of Education in Hebron and Bethlehem from the viewpoint of school principals and administrators was moderate. The study also showed that there were no statistically significant differences at the level of (a 4 0.05) among the averages of the study sample answers to the degree of implementing governance in local Directorates of Education, that can be attributed to years of experience, while there were significant differences due to the variables of Directorate of Education and job title. In light of the findings, the researchers recommended raising the level of the application of governance in the Directorates of Education in Hebron and Bethlehem by all means available, and conducting specialized studies in the governance of education. Key words: Governance, Educational Administration, Education Management.

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Author :Maryam Kh. Al-Mahrooqi - Prof. Ali H. Al-Shuaili
Discipline :education

The Impact of Metacognitive Strategies based Learning Modules on Ninth Grade Students' Understanding the Nature of ScienceThe purpose of the current study was to investigate the impact of the metacognition strategies (MS) based on learning modules on ninth grade students' understanding the nature of science (NOS) in Oman for the academic year 2016/2017. A quasi-experimental design was used with two experimental groups and one control group. The first experimental group (n= 30) was taught via learning modules in paper form, while the second experimental (n=34) was taught in computerized form. The control group (n=33) was taught using a traditional method. The scale of metacognitive of nature of science (MONOS) of 16 items was translated and used in this study. Validity and reliability of this scale were established. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the means of the students in the three groups on the post- students' understanding of NOS, in favor of the experimental groups. In addition, it was found that there was no statistically significant difference in the means of the post students' understanding of NOS due to the method of teaching the modules (paper/ computerized), but there was a statistically significant difference in these means due to the science achievement levels (higher/ lower) in the favor of the higher achievement level. A number of recommendations were made in the light of these findings. Keywords:Metacognitive Strategies (MS), Nature of Science (NOS), Learning Modules (LM).

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Author :Dr. Abdel-Fattah A. Al-Hams
Discipline :education

The Relationship between Daily Life-skills and Optimism among Retired Palestinian TeachersThe following study aims to identify the relationship between the teachers' daily life-skills performance level and the level of optimism among Palestinians who have been retired from work. The researcher used the descriptive analytical method, through applying two questionnaires on a sample of retired teachers (n=178). Results indicate that the level of optimism they have is great, and an arithmetic mean was (3.83), while the results did not show an impact of the level of life skills on optimism. Moreover, there were no statistically significant differences as of level of daily life skills and level of optimism among retired teachers that can be attributed to gender and/or the retirement period. There is no possibility to predict the level of optimism or the practice of daily life skills. The study recommended allowing an opportunity to continue to work for teachers who are retired from work and whom their physical and psychological abilities permit, as well as, to invest spare time for those retired teachers in their life in the collective and recreational activities: religious, physical, psychological, social, and to provide these activities for them since they have free time to enjoy. Keywords: Life-Skills, Optimism, Retirement

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Author :Dr. Fadi S. Samawi
Discipline :education

The Degree of Cyber Bullying Spread and its Relationship to Psychological Adjustment among Public and Private Jordanian Universities Students According to Some VariablesThe purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of cyber bullying spread among public and private Jordanian universities students and its relationship to psychological adjustment, as well as the differences of this relationship that can be attributed to gender, university type, academic major and study level. A 35-item questionnaire was developed to measure cyber bullying and the psychological adjustment used by students to face bullying. It consisted of (9) items measuring technological bullying and (26) items measuring psychological adjustment. The questionnaire was administrated on (500) male and female students selected through random cluster sampling using descriptive correlation approach. Findings showed that the most prevalence type of cyber bullying is social media such as Facebook with a moderate prevalence degree, and the psychological adjustment came within the same moderate degree. The findings also showed that there is a correlation between cyber bullying and the psychological adjustment. Further results indicated a difference in the relationship due to gender in favor of males, and in the major in favor of scientific specialization, and the type of College in favor of private universities; while there was no difference due to study level. The study recommended setting a strict plan to control social media sites inside the universities to reduce cyber bullying. Keywords: Cyber Bullying, Psychological Adjustment, University students.

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Author :Sheriefa A. Al-Qahtani
Discipline :education

The Role of School Leadership Practices in Developing the Values of Citizenship among Female Students from the Point of View of Teachers in Secondary Schools in Riyadh CityThe study aims to recognize the degree at which school leaders develop citizenship values among secondary school female students in Riyadh. It also aims to recognize the extent of difference in the study participants' responses in terms of (academic qualification, type of qualification, the emotional dimension) to the degree at which the school leaders develop citizenship values with their three dimensions (cognitive, skill, emotional dimensions) among secondary school female students, from the point of view of female teachers of Riyadh secondary schools. In order to achieve the study goals, the researcher used the descriptive analytical approach; she also used the questionnaire as a study tool. The study sample consists of (356) female teachers of secondary governmental schools in Riyadh. The study results: 1- the degree at which school leaders develop citizenship values among secondary school female students in Riyadh ranked fair where the emotional dimension came first, followed by the cognitive one, the skill dimension came last as the least techniques used by the school leaders to develop the citizenship values among secondary school female students in Riyadh. 2- There are no statistically significant differences between the means of the participants' responses on the degree at which school leaders develop citizenship values among secondary school female students in Riyadh as per difference in variables of (Academic qualification- qualification type - years of experience). The study recommendations: -Holding training courses and workshops to female school leaders to train them on how to develop citizenship values among students as the level of their practice was just fair, -Motivating those who develop citizenship values among students financially and emotionally to encourage them continue in their practice, - Exchanging visits between school leaders to recognize ways of developing citizenship values among students and how to enhance these values. Keywords: School Administration, Citizenship Values.

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Author :Dr. Kolthom M. Al-Kendri
Discipline :education

From Objectives-Based Curriculum to Competencies-Based Curriculum in Kuwait: Islamic Studies Teachers perspectivesThe study aims to explore the opinions of female middle school Islamic education teachers in Kuwait, concerning their experience of teaching according to competency-based curriculum as a transition from teaching according to the curriculum based on objectives. A questionnaire was implemented on a random sample (n=292) of middle school Islamic education female teachers in Kuwait for the academic year (2018-2019). Results showed that Islamic education teachers view that competency-based curriculum encourages utilizing active learning strategy highly among learners, and motivates them to become more involved in discussions and asking questions. In addition, it enhances teachers to employ technology within their teaching strategies. The study revealed statistical significant differences at (0.05) among the average of the sample as of their satisfaction toward applying competency-based curriculum for Islamic education due to the variable of teaching experience. Teachers with the earliest years in the profession and more expertise find it difficult to accept competencies- based curriculum compared to parameters in the neo-profession. The study concluded with recommendations that would contribute to enabling teachers to develop their professional performance in applying competency-based curriculum and overcome obstacles that could hinder teachers' acceptance of the new vision in teaching. Keywords: competency-based curriculum, Islamic studies teacher.

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Author :Dr. Yasser F. Khalil - Dr. Sayah E. Al-Shamali - Dr. Ali M. Al-Smadi
Discipline :education

The Level of Burnout Among Special Education Teachers Compared to Teachers Working in Public Schools in the Province of Irbid in Relationship to Some VariablesThis study aims at investigating the burnout level among special education teachers compared to the teachers working in public schools in Irbid governorate. It also attempts to examine whether the level of burnout varies according to gender, age and academic qualifications. The sample of this study comprised of (483) subjects. In order to achieve the goals of this study the Inventory of Burnout Level was developed. The final version of this inventory consisted of (30) items. The results showed that the Burnout level among special education teachers and the teachers working in the regular schools in Irbid governorate was moderate. Furthermore, the results of the study showed that there are significant differences (a 4 0.05) in the level of Burnout among teachers of special education compared with teachers working in public schools, and that the level of Burnout among teachers working in the public schools is higher than the level of Burnout among teachers of special education. The results also indicated that there were no significant differences (a40.05) according to the variables: gender, age, and academic qualifications. Keywords: Burnout, Special Education Teachers.

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Author :Dr. Adel M. Daf' Allah- Dr. Banqa T. Hussien
Discipline :education

Degree of Practicing the Technical Tasks by Basic Education Principals and Technical Supervisors as Perceived by Teachers and Supervisors in Alroseiris Locality, Republic of SudanThe study aims to explore the degree of practicing the technical tasks by schools principals at basic education schools; as perceived by teachers and education supervisors in Alroseiris locality. The researchers used the descriptive analytical method. The study population comprised 400 male and female teachers and 30 male and female supervisors. The researchers selected a random sample of 100 male and female teachers and 15 male and female supervisors. For data collection, the researchers used questionnaires and interviews. For data analysis, they used the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Findings showed that: The degree of practicing the technical tasks by the principals concerning teachers professional upgrading is weak. The degree of practicing the technical tasks by the principals concerning boosting the relationship between school and local community is weak too. The degree of practicing the technical tasks by the principals concerning providing edu-care of pupils and implementing the curriculum is weak. The degree of having problems that hinder technical work is great. The researchers recommended that it is necessary to train teachers for such duties, and provide for a sustained relationship between school and local communities, as well as, finding solutions for the problems that obstruct the effectiveness of the technical work. The researchers also suggested conducting similar studies in the other localities. Keywords:Professional Upgrading, School - Community Partnership, Edu-Care for Pupils, Curriculum Implementation.

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Author :Dr. Aysha M. Al-Rashidi
Discipline :education

The Application of Electronic Administration at Kuwait University in the Light of Knowledge- Management Processes as Perceived by its Faculty MembersThis study aims to explore the application of e-administration at Kuwait University in the light of knowledge- management processes from the point of view of its faculty members. The study adopted the descriptive approach. The study sample consisted of (250) faculty members at Kuwait University. The researcher developed a 32-item questionnaire. Results showed the following: the total assessment of the faculty members at Kuwait University for the real application of e-administration in the light of knowledge management is high. Where the axes of knowledge acquisition, knowledge storage, application of knowledge, and transfer of knowledge were based on high estimates; the axes of knowledge generation and knowledge sharing were based on intermediate estimates. The results also showed no statistically significant differences in the estimations of the faculty members of the reality of the application of electronic administration at Kuwait University in the light of knowledge management processes, that can be attributed to the gender variable. The results, also, showed that there were statistically significant differences in the estimations of the faculty members regarding the reality of the application of e-administration at Kuwait University in the light of knowledge management processes due to the variable of experience. In light of the results of the study, the researcher presented a set of recommendations. Keywords: Electronic Administration, Kuwait University, Knowledge Management, Faculty Members.

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Author :Dr. Saida Q. Aledwan - Dr. Saud H. Al Rba'an
Discipline :education

The Educational Standards in Selecting Male and Female Teachers of Resources Rooms of Learning Disabilities in Light of Some VariablesThe study aims to identify the educational standards in selecting male and female teachers of resources rooms of learning disabilities and to determine whether they differ due to gender, type of school, type of work, qualification, and experience variables. In order to identify the educational standards, a study tool is developed and consists of 70 items distributed to six domains. After verifying the validity and reliability of the tool, it is applied to the sample of the study which consists of (283) of headmistress, headmasters, female teachers, and male teachers. The study reaches to the following results: The arithmetical averages show that educational standards in selecting male and female teachers of resources rooms of learning disabilities are high. The first place is for the standards of preferences and tendencies domains followed by the personal standards domain and finally care, guidance, and direction domains for students with learning difficulties.The leadership of teachers of resources rooms for learning difficulties domain comes in the fourth place followed by the institutional and functional standards, and finally the domain of curriculum standards of teaching methods and evaluation. Also, the results show that there are significant statistical differences between the averages of the sample estimations of the study due to the gender variable in favor of females. Moreover, the statistical differences in academic qualifications variable are in favor of higher education, the type of school is in favor of private schools, the experience variable is in favor of 10 year experience and less. Finally, the type of work variable is in favor of teachers. In light of the study results, the researchers recommend relying on the standards adopted in this study and benefiting from it in selecting male and female teachers of resources rooms of learning disabilities to serve those of learning disabilities. Key Words: Educational standards, Female and male teachers, Resources rooms for learning difficulties

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Author :Dr. Ayman H. Mahmoud
Discipline :education

Academic,Psychological and Social Problems of Academically Talented Students at Prince Sattam Bin Abdullaziz University As Perceived by them The study aims to identify the problems of academically talented students at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University (academic, emotional and social problems). To achieve this goal, the researcher randomly selected a sample of (180) students who are academically talented to apply a questionnaire prepared by the researcher to identify these problems. The results showed that psychological problems ranked first ahead of academic and social problems. It is a psychological problem that they suffer from frustration, and continuous worry, from nosophobia, fear of failure, feeling nervousness and anger, and being overly involved in self-criticism. As for the academic problems, the first problem was the problem of the domination of theoretical courses on the educational process, then the absence of various activities suited to their hobbies, the lack of enrichment curricula for the talented, and that the curricula do not satisfy their desires and abilities. The most recent social problems have been the problem that they feel upset about being labeled as talented came first. As for the statistically significant differences in the variables of the study, the results showed that there were no statistically significant differences as of sex, age or university branch, while there were statistically significant differences in the specialization variable in favor of scientific specializations. Key Words: Academic, Psychological and Social Problems, Academically Talented Students.

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Author :Dr. Amal I. AlAnsary - Dr. Ali M. AlAnsary
Discipline :education

Availability of Leadership Skills of the Principals of Schools with Prominent Learning Disabilities Programs in Kuwait Public Schools As Perceived by Teachers and Senior TeachersThe study aims to explore the leadership skills of the principals of schools with prominent learning disabilities programs in Kuwait public schools. This study focuses on the differences that can be attributed to gender variable, the nature of the job and the educational levels of the sample as of availability of leadership skills from the teacher's point of view. (42) statements reflecting leadership skills (vision, school culture, educational structure management and operation, community relation, ethics of the profession, politics and law) were included in a questionnaire applied on a randomized and non-random sample of (216) teachers and heads of departments working in schools with prominent learning disabilities programs, as well as all schools specialized in teaching students who suffer from learning difficulties. It is recommended that the leadership skills courses should be given to schools' principals in Kuwait, for the betterment of this system. Key Words: Specialized schools principles, Leadership skills, LD Schools.

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Author :Nashmiyah A. Alrasheedi
Discipline :education

The Effcet of a Collective Cognitive Behavioral Counseling Program to Control the Aggressive Behavior of Middle School Students in the State of KuwaitThis study aims at identifying the impact of the implementation of a collective-cognitive-behavioral counseling program regarding controlling the aggressive behavior of the students of the intermediate school. The quasi-experimental approach was adopted. The sample of the study consisted of 40 male and female students in the intermediate stage belonging to Farwaniya Educational Zone. The sample was divided into two groups: the experimental, (n=20) students who were subjected to the implementation of the counseling program, and the control (n=20). Findings indicated statistically significant differences between means as of pre - post treatment as of aggressive behavior for the experimental group. Statistically significant differences exist between means of experimental group and control group in favor of the experimental group. Key Words: Collective counseling, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Aggressive behavior.

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Author :Dr. Maha F. Abou Hamra
Discipline :education

The Effect of the Use of Oral Presentation in Developing the Practical Efficiency in Learning the Arabic Language Among Non-native Speakers and Their Attitudes Towards itThe study aims at exploring the effect of the use of oral presentations in developing the practical efficiency in learning the Arabic language for non-native speakers and their attitudes towards it. Therefore, the experimental method was used on a sample of (17) non- native learners of Arabic, from the beginner level at the French Institute for the Near East in Beirut. The following tools were developed and used: oral presentation classes, a list of practical skills, and an observation checklist to measure those skills, and a questionnaire of attitudes towards oral presentations. Findings showed: - High effect of the use of oral presentations in the development of practical efficiency in the sample of the study in the total and in each of its sub-skills - There are statistically significant differences between the average scores of students in the study sample in the pre and post application of the observation card regarding the practical efficiency of learning Arabic, due to the use of oral presentation. - The attitudes of the sample of the study towards the oral presentations in the post-application are positive in the total score, and in each of the stages (presentation, interaction with participants, evaluation), while neutral attitudes in each of the stages (planning for presentation,). - There are statistically significant differences between the average scores of the learners in the pre and post applications to identify their attitudes towards oral presentations due to the main variable of the use of verbal presentations, in favor of post application. Key Words: Oral Presentation, Practical Efficiency, Attitudes, Non-Arabic Speakers.

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Author :Dr. Nourah A. Algadheeb
Discipline :education

Overexcitability and Perfectionism among Gifted and Normal Students in Riyadh CityThis study explores the relationship between Overexcitability and Perfectionism as well as identifying the differences between gifted and normal students in these two variables, and identifying the differences based on gender and educational level among gifted students. The study was implemented in the second semester1439 H. The study sample included (780) students; among which (390) gifted students enrolled in gifted student classes in Riyadh city and were selected purposively, and (390) normal students from the same schools were selected randomly. The study used two tools. The Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two (OEQII) and the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale after ensuring its validity and reliability. Results indicated a statistically significant positive relationship between Over-excitability and perfectionism. The results, also, showed higher scores for gifted students compared to normal students in both overall and sub dimensions. Females scored higher in the overall Overexcitability as well as Emotional, Sensual, and Imaginational Over-excitability. Males scored higher in the overall perfectionism and all its sub dimensions. Elementary school students scored higher than middle and high school students on the Psychomotor dimension. Middle school students scored higher on both Imaginational and emotional dimensions. The study recommends using Over-excitability measurement tools to discover gifted students as it showed effectiveness in distinguishing between gifted and normal students. Key Words: Over-sensibility, Overexcitability, Emotional growth, Develop- mental aptitude, Outlier standards, Gifted children.

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Author :Dr. Jamal A. Al-zaanen
Discipline :education

The Effect of Roundhouse Diagram Strategy in Teaching Wave Motion and Sound, on Depth of Knowledge for Science Achievement and Interpretation of Scientific Events and Phenomena to Eighth grade Students in Gaza GovernoratesThis study aims to investigate the impact of Roundhouse strategy in teaching wave motion and sound unit, on the Depth of Knowledge levels For Science Achievement and Interpretation of scientific events and phenomena underlying the eighth grade students in Gaza Governorates. The study sample consisted of (81) students in one of (UNRWA) schools in north Gaza. The sample was randomly divided into two groups; the experimental group (n=41) taught wave motion and sound unit using the roundhouse strategy, and the control group (n=40) taught the same unit using the traditional method. In order to achieve the study's aims, teaching material was developed based on the roundhouse strategy. An achievement test in science was also performed in the light of the Depth of Knowledge levels, namely: recalling, acquisition of concepts and skills, strategic thinking, and expanded / extended thinking, a test of interpretation of scientific events and phenomena, were developed also. The results of the study revealed that there were no statistically significant differences at (a40.05) between the mean scores of the two groups attributed to instruction strategy in recalling level (Dok1) in science achievement. while there were significant differences at (a40.05) between the mean scores in achievement on the acquisition of concepts and skills level (Dok2), strategic thinking (Dok3), and expanded / extended thinking (Dok4), attributed to the teaching strategy (roundhouse -normal) in favor of the experimental group. As the results revealed that there were significant differences at (a40.05) between the mean scores in interpretation of events and scientific phenomena, attributed to the teaching strategy (roundhouse -normal) in favor of the experimental group. The study recommended the importance of using roundhouse strategy in teaching, especially in the difficult subjects of Science; also it recommended the importance of building science tests in the light of the Depth of Knowledge levels. Key Word: Roundhouse, Achievement, Depth of Knowledge, Interpretation, Scientific events and Phenomena.

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Author :Dr. Waleed M. Shaheen - Sana M. Liftawi
Discipline :education

The Impact of Teaching Physical Education as a Mandatory Course to Modify the Tendency of Birzeit University Students Towards Physical ActivityThis study aims to recognize the impact of teaching physical education as a mandatory course to modify the tendency of Birzeit university students towards physical activity, and to find the differences in this tendency that can be attributed to the variables of (sex, college, academic year, the actual practice of training and the family income). The researchers used the descriptive method. The study population totaled (13003) regular students. The study sample consists of 346 pre- registration students and 348 for post registration in the course. A questionnaire was used as a means of collecting data. It consists of five dimensions (health and fitness, social, psychobiological, educational and economical). The researchers used the means and standard deviations, T-test, and analysis of variance (One way ANOVAs), Pearson method and Cronbach Alpha for data analyses. The study results indicate that there are differences in the tendency of Birzeit university students towards physical activity in the pre-registration and post-registration tests, in favor of post-registration test, and to other dimensions except the psychological and economical ones. The study recommended raising the level of awareness of university students in the health and fitness, social, psychological and economical aspects to practice physical activities, as it increases the tendency towards practice of physical activities, and introducing the Physical Education courses in the universities through introducing mandatory and elective related courses, for promoting knowledge, skills and attitudes. Key Words: Physical education, Physical activity, Physical awareness.

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Author :Dr. Ibrahim I. M. Abu Aqeel
Discipline :education

Predictive Ability of the Criteria of Educational Research for Transformation to Knowledge Society: An Analytical StudyThe study aims at identifying the predictive ability of the criteria that may transfer the educational research into knowledge society. Sample of the study comprised 125 male and female teachers. The researcher constructed a 30-item questionnaire. Results showed that criteria of educational research interpreted 39.9% of the total indicators. 15 indicators out of 30 proved their ability in predicting the transferability of the educational research into knowledge society. It also showed that the research is original, innovative creative with genuine and smooth methodology. According to results, the research was able to deal with educational problems that have the strongest indicators of transferring it to knowledge society. Equation of the regression line of the time series was calculated which predicted the transformation to knowledge society. There was no effect to independent factors. In the light of the results, some recommendations were concluded. Key Words: Predictive ability, Criteria of educational research, Knowledge society.

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Author :Dr. Yousef R. Almurtaji
Discipline :education

The Relationship between Self-control and Education Stress and their Contribution to Predicting Academic Achievement of Students in College of Basic Education, in the State of KuwaitThe current study examined the relationship between self-control and educational stress; the contribution of self-control and educational stress to predict academic achievement; and the effect of gender and academic specialty in self-control and educational stress in a sample of 509 male and female students from the Arts and Sciences Department in the College of Basic Education at The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training (average age: 21.4 years and standard deviation: 3.65 years. The research tools of this descriptive study included the self-control scale (short version) by (Tangney, Baumeister Boone, 2004) and the scale of educational stress by (Jiandong Sun, 2012, translated and standardized by the researcher). The results of the study showed that there is a negative statistically significant correlation between self-control and the total score of the educational stress as well as all sub-dimensions. The correlation coefficients ranged between 0.112 and 0.410. The results also showed that only the academic failure dimension significantly contributed to predicting the students' education levels. The analysis of gender effects showed that there were statistically significant differences in both the general average grade, self-control and the self-expectation stress in favor of the females, and in both the anxiety about grades, the education failure in favor of the males. As for the effect of academic specialty, there was a significant difference in the general average grade in favor of scientific specialties, but there was no difference in self-control and in the overall score of educational stress as well all individual sub-dimensions. The educational implications of the results are discussed. Key Words: Self Control, Education Stress, GPA.

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Author :Dr. Adel A. Al-Dhuwaihi -Prof. Mohammed S. Al - Mkhlafi
Discipline :education

The Prevailing Leadership Styles Among Members of the Teaching Staff at the Faculty of Education in Dammam and the Degree of their Effectiveness in Accordance with Situational Theory of Heresy and Blanchard.The study aims to identify the prevailing leadership styles among faculty members in the Faculty of Education in Dammam and its effectiveness in adaptability to student maturity. The study population consists of (113) faculty members at the Faculty of Education in Dammam involving in postgraduate teaching. The sample consisted of (33) faculty members, (29% of the population) selected by sampling random methods. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers used a measure "Leadership Effectiveness Adaptability Description (LEAD) after verifying its validity and reliability. The Study outcomes are as follows: In dealing with students the Persuading leadership style followed by Delegating style are the two predominant styles of the faculty members at Faculty of Education in Dammam.Telling and Participating styles are less common by faculty members. Moderate Effectiveness of the leadership style used by faculty (60 out of 90 degree). There is a moderate degree of leadership styles adaptability among faculty members and less adaptability to move from the primary leadership style to the secondary or auxiliary mode. Key Words: Leadership styles, Teaching situation, Faculty member, Effectiveness.

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Author :Dr. Khaled A. Attia
Discipline :education

Creative Thinking and its Correlation with the Quality of Life Among the High School: High Achievers and Normal StudentsThe study aims at investigating the correlation and the differences between the creative thinking and the quality of life among the distinguished and normal high school students in Rafha Province. The study also seeks to find out the possibility of predicting the level of the academic scores of the distinguished and normal high school students in the scale of ``quality of life'' by finding out their scores in the creative thinking. The descriptive method, with its correlation, was used in this study. The study sample consisted of 100 distinguished students and 100 normal students whose chronological age ranged from (15-17) years. The study concluded that there are statistically significant differences in the creative thinking and the quality of life in favor of the distinguished students. The researcher also found a positive correlation with statistically significant differences between the creative thinking and the total grade on the scale of ``quality of life'' among all the samples members, the distinguished and the normal high school students. The study also indicated that it is possible to predict the level of the academic scores of the distinguished and normal high school students in the scale of ``quality of life'' through finding out their scores in the creative thinking. Key Words: Creative thinking, Quality of life, High achievers, Distinguished students.

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Author :Prof. Osamah M. Bataineh- Dr. Taghreed A. Hijazi
Discipline :education

The Degree of Applying Self-Regulation Learning Strategies and the Degree of Self-Efficacy Among Students with Learning Disabilities and without Learning Disabilities StudentsThe aim of this study is to find out the degree to which Self- Regulation learning strategies are applied and to determine the degree of Self-Efficacy of students with learning disabilities and without learning disabilities according to gender and level of education in the schools of the Bani Obaid directorate in the second semester of the academic year 2016. To achieve this, the scales of systemic learning and self-efficacy are used. The sample of the study included: the self-efficacy scale 98, and on the self-regulation learning strategies scale that responded to the scale 88 after deleting the responses of 10 students whose answers were not complete. The students were from both types of students with learning disabilities and those who are without learning disabilities. The study concludes that there are statistically significant differences in the level of using self-regulation learning in favor of the without Learning Disabilities students. Moreover, statistically significant differences are noticed in the degree of self-efficacy level in favor of the students with learning disabilities. Additionally, the outcomes of the study show statistically remarkable differences in the degree of applying the strategies of self-regulation learning. These differences are attributed to the gender of the students with learning disabilities in favor of the males without any indication attributed to the level of education. Among the without Learning Disabilities students, the outcomes reveal no statistically significant differences which are attributed to the gender and level of education. Also it is revealed that there are no statistically significant differences for self-efficacy that are attributed to gender and level of education among the students with learning disabilities. However, in favor of the males, statistically significant differences are noticed among those without Learning Disabilities students which are attributed only to gender and not to the level of education. It is recommended through the results of the study to use teaching methods based on self-regulation learning strategies, which also help to increase the self-efficacy of students with learning disabilities and without learning disabilities. Key Words: Self-Organized Learning Strategies, Self-Efficacy, Students with and without Learning Disabilities.

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Author :Dr. Rabe'a M. Al-Saqrya- Dr. Mohsen N. Alsalemi
Discipline :education

The Effectiveness of Using the Digital Storytelling and the Pictorial Storytelling in the Achievement of Seventh Grade Female Students in the Subject of Islamic Education and the Development of Their Values The aim of this study is to identify the effectiveness of using the digital storytelling and pictorial storytelling in the achievement of seventh grade female students in Islamic education and the development of their values. The study sample consisted of 91 students from Al-Ramais School for grades 5-9 in the South Batinah region of Oman; divided into three groups (two experimental groups and one control group). The first experimental group (n=30) studied by the digital storytelling, while the second experimental group (n=29) studied by pictorial storytelling. However, the control group (n=32) studied by conventional method. In order to achieve the aim of the study, a thirty question achievement test was conducted. The validity of its content was jury-verified. The reliability of the test was established (0.72). Another instrument consists of (31) behavioral attitudes was used to measure students values. The content was jury-verified and its validity was established (0.82). The results of the study showed statistically significant differences at (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental groups and the control group in both the achievement test and the value scale in favor of the first experimental group which studied by the digital storytelling. The study recommended encouraging the teachers of Islamic education to use the digital storytelling and pictorial storytelling storytelling in the teaching of Islamic education, as well as conducting courses and workshops for teachers and supervisors on how to employ these two types of stories during teaching. Key Words: Effectiveness, Digital Storytelling, Pictorial Storytelling, Value Development.

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Author :Mohsin M. Al-Rashidi- Dr. Fayadh H. Alanazi
Discipline :education

The Availability of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education Requirements in the Physics Textbook for the Tenth Grade in the Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaThe present paper aims to explore the extent of incorporating the requirements of teaching and learning STEM within first secondary school students textbooks taught in the academic year 2017/2018. Descriptive analytical method was adopted. To achieve the aims of the research, an inventory of STEM instruction requirements was developed. Content analysis of the Physics textbook was conducted in the light of the inventory. Validity and reliability of the inventory was ensured. Results indicated that there is a variation in the availability ratios of the STEM instruction requirements the Physics textbook. Most requirements were below the standard. Centralization around the integrated conceptual experience requirement gained the highest availability ratio while the attainment of the sustainable development gained the lowest availability ratio. Key Words: Content analysis, STEM education, Physics textbook, STEM requirements.

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Author :Dr. Tareq H. Alshatti - Dr. Mohamed R. Al-morsi
Discipline :education

The Reality of Educational and Support Services for People with Disabilities in KuwaitThe present study aims to evaluate the reality of educational and support services for students with disabilities in Kuwait. The study was conducted on a sample of (274) males and (150) females working with persons with disabilities in the State of Kuwait. The sample includes: Administrative and Supervisory Board members consisting of program managers, technical supervisors, educational supervisors, teachers, and teacher assistants and support services staff consisting of physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech pathologists, psychologists, and social workers. In order to achieve the goal of the study, a tool has been constructed to assess the reality of educational and support services for students with disabilities in Kuwait. The most important results of the study are (1) there are statistically significant differences between the average responses of workers and the total score in the special education schools and the different centers that provide programs for persons with disabilities, attributed to the school dependency variable. (2) There are differences between the average scores of the sample of the study on their assessment of the reality of educational services for private school workers, attributed to the variable type of school. (3) There are statistically significant differences between the average responses of workers in special education schools and different centers that provide programs for persons with disabilities, attributed to the variable of the academic qualification. (4) There are statistically significant differences between workers in special education schools and different centers that provide programs for persons with disabilities, attributed to the variable nature of work. (5) There are statistically significant differences between the average responses of workers in special education schools and different centers that provide programs for persons with disabilities, attributed to the variable of disability in terms of the support services and the total score. Key Words: Support Education, Support Services, Students with Disabilities.

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