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Volume :48 Issue : 186 2022      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

United States of America between the Arabian Gulf and Gulf of Guinea: A Comparative Study

Auther : Dr. Faisal M. Abu-Suliab

Objectives: This study aims to define the regions of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Guinea and compare the two regions based on their strategic importance, natural resources, and the US strategies toward them. The study seeks to answer a major question: Would the region of Guinea be able to replace the region of the Arabian Gulf as a strategic region for the United States of America? To answer this question, the study analyzes the factors that would qualify the Gulf of Guinea to be a substitute for the Arabian Gulf, and the challenges against doing so. The study hypothesizes that despite the qualifications of the Gulf of Guinea with respect to its geostrategic location and natural resources of oil and natural gas, it would be difficult for this region to replace the strategic importance of the Arabian Gulf. Method: The study relies on the comparative analytical approach in an attempt to compare the regions of the Gulf of Guinea and the Arabian Gulf, and analyzes the influencing factors that may help or hinder the Gulf of Guinea from replacing the Arabian Gulf on the US strategic map. Results: The study concludes that although there are significant factors that qualify the Gulf of Guinea to be a substitute strategic region to replace the Arabian Gulf, such as its abundant resources of oil and natural gas, and its significant geostrategic location, it suffers from security threats and challenges that make this region an unlikely substitute for the Arabia Gulf. Some of the most important challenges to its stability are the security threats, including overt piracy, kidnapping for ransom, terrorism, destruction of oil facilities, regression of oil production, ethnic conflicts, civil wars, instability of the political regimes in the states of the Gulf of Guinea, and the presence of the competing powers in this region, including France and China. Conclusion: The study concludes that although the strategic importance and the qualifications of the region of the Gulf of Guinea, it would be difficult for this region to substitute the region of the Arabian Gulf. This is because of main obstacles, such as the security threats, ethnic conflicts, instability of the political regimes, and the presence of the competing powers in this region, including France and China.

 
Keywords: Arabian Gulf, Gulf of Guinea.

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