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Volume :47 Issue : 182 2021      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Significance of Egyptian Archives for Writing The History of Syria, The Gulf and The Arabian Peninsula during The First Half of The 19th Century

Auther : Dr. Aly A. Ghazy


Objectives: This study aims at shading lights on the documents of the Egyptian Archives in the first half of the 19th century in order to clarify how important they are for writing the history of Arabs in General and the Arabian Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula in particular. This study does not aim at reviewing the contents of the archives for that needs writing books not a mere study.
Method: The study is based on a descriptive and analytical methodology, following the historical research method from the oldest to the most recent. The study begins with defining the concepts of document, documentation and the importance of historical documents besides their role in writing history. The study then reviews the historical development of Documentary Archives in Egypt down to some classifications serving the history of the region subject of the study during the specified historical period, like Muhafiz Diwan Bahir Bra, Diwan Al-Ma'ia Snya (Arabic and Ottoman Turkish), Diwan Al-Jihadia, Diwan Al-Khidawi, DIwan Abdeen, Al-sham, Al-Hijaz, Mutafariqat, and British Documents. Copies of these are kept in the National Archives in Cairo. Finally, it reviews the efforts made by those who collected and published some of those documents: Orders and Letters from Aziz of Masir Mohammed Ali, Statement of Documents of Al-Sham and the Means to understand them and to make clear the intentions of Ibrahim Pasha, Main Documents from the Modern History of Lebanon (1517-1920), the Egyptian Army and Conquering Acre (1831-1832), From the Documents of the Egyptian Archives in the History of the Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula and From the Documents of the Arabian Peninsula in the Modern Age.
Results: The study assured the importance of the Egyptian Archives for writing the history of the Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula during the first half of the 19th century.
Conclusion: The study confirms that the Egyptian archive documents represent an important source for the history of the Levant region, the Arabian Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula in the first half of the nineteenth century AD.

Keywords: Egyptian Archives, Arabian Gulf, Arabia, Documents, the Nineteenth Century.

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