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Volume :47 Issue : 181 2021      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Spatial Thinking based on GIS from Constructivist Learning Theory Perspective: Literary Review.

Auther : Dr. Eman A. Alsaif - Prof. Ali M. Alghamdi


Objectives: The study aimed at providing a literary review from a perspective that links three axes: constructivist learning theory, spatial thinking and geographic information systems technology (GIS). It also aimed at clarifying the strengths of each axis on one hand and the interconnection of these axes on the other.
Method: The study was based on deductive-inductive method in analyzing previous studies and reaching the possibility of linking the study axes in a way that enables providing educational technical application; appropriated for a specific educational stage, especially for its first grades. The study is a theoretical review. Thus, it requires only literary sources that dealt with constructivist learning theory, geographical education, spatial thinking, and geographic information systems. These sources are books, scientific research and models of geographic information systems applications in education on the World Wide Web.
Results: The study indicated the nature of constructivist theory, clarified the importance of spatial thinking and the role of geographic information systems technology in education. The study also presented a proposal to link these aspects while highlighting some challenges.
Conclusion: The study indicated the importance of spatial thinking in geographical education, its strong relationship with constructivist learning theory and the geographic information systems (GIS). This is because the constructivist theory includes constructivist principles that depend on critical thinking and analysis in order to achieve progress in building knowledge. Furthermore, the capabilities of geographic information systems in presenting scientific material and interacting with it technically are quality educational means that stimulate exploration, self-learning, and knowledge -building, especially with software adaptation of these systems.

Keywords: Geographic education, Spatial thinking, Constructive learning theory, Geographic information systems (GIS).

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Dec 26, 2021

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