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Volume :46 Issue : 176 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Knowledge of Vitamin D Deficiency Factors among a Sample of the Kuwaiti Population: A Socio-Cultural Study.

Auther : Dr. Maha M. Al-Sejari

Kuwait is considered as one of the best geographical locations to obtain sufficient solar UV rays for optimal synthesis of vitamin D. However, high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency has been reported among Kuwaiti citizens.
Objectives: The current study aims to measure the association between participants' socio-cultural variables, and to know factors that cause vitamin D deficiency. It also seeks to find the association between participants' lifestyle behaviors and knowledge of factors that cause vitamin D deficiency and to assess participants' knowledge of vitamin D deficiency symptoms.
Method: A questionnaire was distributed among 276 adults. It comprised five parts of data: Socio-demographic information, lifestyle assessment, vitamin D deficiency symptoms, vitamin D deficiency source of information, and causes of vitamin D deficiency. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Chi-square test statistics were performed to test the study's questions.
Results: The study revealed that Kuwaiti participants' knowledge of vitamin D deficiency factors is significantly associated with age, BMI, occupational and marital status, and that knowledge of vitamin D deficiency causes is associated positively with participants' hours of exposure to sunlight, and negatively with participants' taking vitamin D supplements.


Keywords: Vitamin D Deficiency, Knowledge, Risk Factors. Kuwaiti, Anthropology.

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