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Volume :46 Issue : 176 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Influencing Factors of the Development of the Kuwaiti Political Regime (1962-1992).

Auther : Dr. Faisal M. Abu Sulaib

Aim of the Study: This study attempts to analyze the influencing factors (internal and external) of the development of the political regime in Kuwait from the period of the establishment of the Kuwaiti constitution in 1962 until the return of the Kuwaiti parliament in 1992 following the liberation of Kuwait. It also seeks to analyze the interacting relation between the internal and external changes in developing the political regime. On the other side, it also tries to link political development with the influence of the external changes in the region.
Method: The study depends on systems analyzing methodology. David Easton, one of the pioneers of this methodology sees "Inputs", "Change Process" and "Output" are the main 3 elements of analyzing. "Inputs" are factors and changes (internal or external) that affect the political regime. "Change Process" is the response and interaction with those changes and factors while the "Outputs" represent the resolutions of the political regime in responding to those factors and changes. The study uses system analyzing  methodology in observing and analyzing the effect of internal and external factors in developing the political regime in Kuwait. It also uses the history methodology which focuses on reviewing history incidents in the region that have affected the political development process in Kuwait during the subject study period. The most important among those were Arab Israeli War 1976, The Iranian Revolution 1979, Traq Iran War 1980-1988 and Iraq Invasion of Kuwait 1990.
Results: This study concluded that the development of the political regime in a small country like Kuwait was result of local, regional and international factors. The most important of which were: Arab Israeli War 1976 (Naksa' = The Setback), Kuwait 1967 Election Fraud Suspicion, Dissolution of Kuwait National Assembly 1976, Iran Revolution 1979, Iraq Iran War 1980-1988, Dissolution of Kuwait National Assembly 1986 and Iraq Invasion of Kuwait 1990. The study also found that the personality element of the rulers in Kuwait has clear impact on the political development process. For instance, death of Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem in 1965 had negative reflect on the democratic operation in Kuwait as frequent political crisis arose (Election Fraud 1967 and unconstitutional Dissolution of the Nation la Assembly in 1976  1986) following the Sheikh death.


Keywords: Kuwait, Political Regime, Political Development.

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