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Volume :45 Issue : 175 2019      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Phenomenon of Ethnocentrism in the Poetry and Sirah of Antarah Bin Shaddad.

Auther : Dr. Hessa A. Alrifai

     Despite the fact that the father of Antarah Bin Shaddad was the chief of Abs tribe, he suffered from slavery, discrimination, and low profile. This was because of his black mother. Consequently, this attitude was manifested in a series of references in his poems. This paper deals with the influence of Ethnocentrism on both Antarah's Sirah and his verse. The concept of Ethnocentrism, albeit recently dealt with western writers, is deeply rooted in old Arab traditions and classical Arabic poetry.
     In the pre-Islamic era, ethnocentrism was practiced in two forms: the first was against members of other tribes or members, while the second was against members of the same tribe who were the products of slave mothers. Antarah, however, succeeded in winning his freedom as he became a well-known knight and a hero, besides his poetic gift which qualified him to be one of the celebrity poets of Muallaqat. Despite all this, Antarah did not achieve his goal in marrying his beloved cousin Ablah because of his black color. Through self-exaltation (Fakhr) Antarah, however, compensated for the low profile of his mother and his blackness by his endorsement of undefeatable courage and nobility, in addition to his love themes (Ghazal), which mainly revolved around his beloved cousin Ablah.

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