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Volume :45 Issue : 173 2019      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

AL-Hashimyeen in Iraq and their Relationship to Al-Sabah Family the Leaders of Kuwait 1916 – 1958.

Auther : Dr. Noor M. Alhabshi

     The study of the history of the ruling families in the Arabian Peninsula region and their interrelationship are rare studies, and this is due to some reasons beyond the scope of this research. This is an analytics study follows the analytical approach regarding presenting political and social information to diversify the general framework and make it include the system of ruling families in the region Including those who faced it successfully, which qualified some of them to be in the leadership in the history. Also, it made some of them ends in one way or another condition that did not qualify them to face these conditions.
     In the light of talking about Al-Hashimyeen in Iraq and their relationship with Al-Sabah family; rulers of Kuwait the relationship between those two highbred families characterized by many contradictions, whether positive or negative, which enabled them to be in good periods and other bad. As a result, the stands and stories have been varied about all of this.
     Perhaps this study is the only one that was interested in following up and observing the relationship between the two families. It may also be the only one that shed light on a curve other than the Iraqi claim in 1938 under the reign of King Ghazi of Iraq (1933-1939).
     It is necessary to address the aspects of the social conditions and the appreciation that both families enjoyed through the follow-up pattern of dealing between them. In this context, it should be noted that the neutral position adopted by the Al-Sabah family from the conflict between Hashemi - Saudi in general and the Najdi - Iraqi in particular, which made Kuwait and its rulers in a special place to both sides.
     In this context, it can be seen that the Kuwait Conference in 1923 was one of the conferences in which Britain tried to reunite the Arabian Peninsula and made King Faisal bin Al-Sharif Al Hussein and Abdul Aziz Al Saud was known as Ibn Saud live in a truce and a stage of conciliation and peace.
     The research also refers to Al-Sharif Hussain and his relationship with Al Sheikh Mubarak Al-Sabah and his two sons, Al-Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak and Salem Al-Mubarak. Moreover, then the relationship of Al-Sheikh Ahmed Al-Jaber with King Faisal. The first took the rule of Kuwait in 1921 coinciding with the inauguration of the English to the second as a king over Iraq in the same year. Also, the research goes through over King Ghazi claim of Kuwait in 1938. Moreover, then go through the taking over of the Custodian of the throne of Iraq Prince AbduIlah bin Ali in 1939. Then King Faisal II and Baghdad alliance in 1955 and the Hashemite Union in 1958 and how it was treated between Al Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem with King Faisal II during that period until the Hashemite family ended in Iraq through a bloody liquidation on July 14, 1958, by a group of Iraqi army officers. At the end to the attitude of Al-Sheikh Abdullah al-Salem, the ruler of Kuwait, toward the issue of ending the rule of the Hashemite family in Iraq.
 

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