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Volume :44 Issue : 169 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Torrents in the Arabian Peninsula during the First Three Hijri Centuries and their Negative and Positive Impacts: A Historical Study Through Islamic Sources.

Auther : Dr. Heila A. Alsahli

     The major aim of this study is to examine the phenomenon of torrents that occurred in the Arabian Peninsula during the first, second and third centuries of the Hijra, and their causes from the viewpoint of historians and geographers. Many catastrophic events occurred in the history of Arabian Peninsula due to the floods which had severe impacts. The study solely relies on original Islamic sources in an attempt to actualize more accurate findings. In addition, the study aims at identifying the effects of torrents on the inhabitants and their properties, as well as the necessary steps and procedures taken by the Islamic world and governments towards reducing their harmful effects during that period. It is well known that the Arabian Peninsula is considered a dry land due to the lack of great rivers or lakes in that area. On average, the peninsula receives limited or very little rain, but whenever there is a relative amount of rainfall, it normally takes the form of a heavy localized cloudburst. Rainfalls on sand are quickly absorbed, but when rain pours on either gravel, hard parked soil or rocks which constitute the Arabian peninsula, it turns into surface runoff and immediately concentrates in valleys and appears everywhere in the Arabian peninsula. These valleys play an important role in accumulating the torrents. The study concluded with a certain number of outcomes which indicate that torrents have both positive and negative impacts. The Islamic society and government created some methods which were used in turning the effects of torrents into constructive gains for the betterment of man in the Arabian Peninsula. Some of the things created included dams, reservoirs, and clefts so as to achieve a certain level of good and sustainable development. They utilized torrents for developing the agricultural sector and for preserving water in order to meet the needs of the inhabitants.

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May 18, 2017

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