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Volume :44 Issue : 169 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Residential Satisfaction in the City of Hodeida, the Republic of Yemen.

Auther : Dr. Mohammed T. Alyousef - Yaser M. Shaban

     Housing is one of the basic needs that are essential to man. It is not only a place to live in but also a place of tranquility, stability, privacy and psychological comfort for its inhabitants; it is also aspace for investment, an economic commodity, a matter of design and construction, and a symbol of the economic and social status of its inhabitants. Therefore, it is not surprising that housing issues attract the interest of a wide range of officials and academics. Recently, the major cities in the Republic of Yemen have witnessed an urban revival and a steady population increase accompanied by many economic, social and demographic changes.This growth has led to an increase in demand for the expansion of housing units to accommodate population growth.With the recent development in the process of construction, architecture and growth of housing needs, it is expected that the residents' view of their current homes and how far they meet their residential needs will vary. In view of the practical and theoretical importance of the study of residential satisfaction, and the lack of previous studies on how Yemeni households assess their homes in comparison to many Arab and international cities where such studies were conducted, many research questions in relation to residential satisfactionarise to which we have no accurate practical answers; therefore, this study aimed to measure the level of residential satisfaction in the city of Hodeida, to analyzeits spatial variation, and to identify factors influencing it. Accordingly, previous studies were reviewed and a number of research questions were drafted. To answer these questions, data were collected from a representative sample of (690) heads of randomly chosen households through a questionnaire prepared for this purpose.A number of statistical methods were used to describe and analyze the study data and extract the results.The most important findings of the study are that there are no statistical differences between the populations of the three districts that administratively divided the city of Hodeida in terms of the level of residential satisfaction.The future desire to move house, the economic characteristics of the family, and the age of the head of household all have statistical relationship with housing satisfaction. The results also indicated that there was a statistical relationship between a number of characteristics of the housing and residential satisfaction, such as property ownership, duration of residence in the property, the degree of overcrowding, and thehousing capacity. These results are to a large extent consistent with the findings of a number of previous studies. The study concluded with a number of scientific and practical recommendations.
 

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May 18, 2017

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