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Volume :44 Issue : 168 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Assessment of the Sustainability of the Water Management System in the Municipal Sector in the State of Kuwait .

Auther : Mohammad M. AlShammari - Prof. Waleed K. ALZubari - Prof. Alaa A. El-Sadek

     Kuwait is one of the most water-scarce countries with a per capita share of renewable water well below the extreme water-poverty line (500 m3/year/per capita). Meeting the rapid increase in the demand for water for various consuming sectors and the high financial, economic and environmental cost which associates the policy of maximizing water resources is one of the main challenges facing the planning and management of water in the State of Kuwait. The research aimed to assess the water situation in the State of Kuwait and to define the options and available administrative alternatives for its sustainability. And that was done through assessing the current situation and identifying the most important problems and issues in the water sector and analyzing policies for managing water resources in the State of Kuwait, and then building a dynamic mathematical model of the water sector by using a (WEAP) model and then identifying options for balancing water in the water sector and analyzing the cut costs of each option compared to the reference scenario, which represents the continuation of the current conditions and policies, and finally reaching conclusions and recommendations. An important result shows that the costs (financial, environmental and economic) to be borne by the State of Kuwait currently and will be borne in the future, according to population growth and consumption patterns, can be reduced significantly and effectively through the application of administrative procedures (raising consumers awareness of water (10%) or re-evaluating the tariff system (7%) or water conservation devices (20%) or reduction of leakage from the distribution network (5%) or all together), which are considered relatively less expensive than increasing supply procedures (the expansion of desalination plants and treatment) currently used, and these procedures will lead to reducing the financial burden on the national budget and maintaining the assets of the natural resources of energy (the primary source of income), as it will reduce the environmental costs associated with the water sector and municipal wastewater treatment sector. The study recommended the planning and management of water resources in an integrated manner to gain access to water sustainability.

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May 18, 2017

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