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Volume :44 Issue : 168 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Demographic Controls of Population Growth in Qatar : A Study in the Geography of the Population .

Auther : Prof. Noora Y. Al-Kuwari

     This study addressed the issue of population growth in Qatar through its two main components: natural growth and immigration, comparable to many of the Gulf countries, which are characterized by high annual growth rates of immigrants that far exceed the international rates.
     Due to the increase in population growth in Qatar, which started in the 1950s with the discovery of oil and the great revenues generated by its exportation, population growth can be divided into three stages: the phase of rapid growth, the phase of gradual growth, and the phase of explosive growth.
     It was indicated that the population increase achieved by natural growth did not exceed 1% in 2010, and that the contribution of non-Qataris toward such an increase was greater than the Qatar is contribution; the proportion of the immigrants was more than half of the natural growth, as it reached 60% of the total natural growth in 2010. Other studies show that the development in the marital system and the age of marriage of Qatari women played a role in the decline of the rate of new births.
     The study also addressed the issue of immigration and its role in the population growth in Qatar through the high rates of immigrants growth which reached their peak in 2010 (17.7%), that almost equaled their rate in 1970s (17.2%). While the growth of non-Qataris was increasing as it reached 70% in the period from 1990 to 2013, the Qataris growth was decreasing significantly as it reached 21.7% after it was 41.2% in 1970.
     The study concluded by projecting that the annual growth rate of the Qataris will be 4.3%, and that they will reach 700.000 between 2020 and 2025. This increase is linked to their natural growth as well as the numbers added through the process of naturalization. For the immigrants, they will increase by 7.5%, and their numbers will reach 2 million between 2020 and 2025.

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May 18, 2017

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