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Volume :42 Issue : 163 2016      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

English Piracy Against Indian Ships and its Influence on the East India Company During the 17th Century .

Auther : Dr. Maha A. Alkhashil

     The sea route between India and through the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea nasa historical economic importance. By the beginning of the modern time, new factors have emerged and influenced the balance of power in that region. The arrival of the Europeans to the Indian Ocean had attracted some fortune seekers and pirates, who found that Indian ships crossing to the Red Sea in regular journeys to this region were valuable targets.
     This study aims to study the attacks of English pirates carried on the Indian ships crossing through the Indian Ocean,  the reasons behind these attacks, the attitude of Mughal's Emperors, and the effects upon the English East India Company. The study covers the period from the beginning of the 17th century until the end of the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb (1658-1707).
     The study concluded that piracy was a disturbing issue that influenced the relations between Mughal and English, who had a trading interests in the Indian Ocean. The impact of the piracy has been important to the movement of ships, cargos, pilgrims, who used the sea route to the coasts of Arabia. The impact on the English East India Company emerged in the piracy attacks during the 17th century, which represented the climax of power of state of Mughal who were influenced by the piracy attacks. This resulted in the company demanded for itself the authority to trace pirates, enforcing the order and security. Gradually it was turned to take the responsibility to maintain law,order and trade within the limits of its authority, the responsibility which has taken other dimensions in the region in the two following centuries.

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