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Volume :41 Issue : 156 2015      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Dammam’s Role in the Events of Bahrain 1783 - 1870 .

Auther : Dr. Ibrahim A. Abdel Aal

     Dammam played a significant role In the events of Bahrain. The first mention of this role was in the year 1602, after the portuguse with drawal from Bahrain when a dispute took place between Sunna and Shia’a of Bahrain. These disturbances pushed Shah Abbas of Persia to occupy Bahrain. In 1700, the Ya’rabi ruler of Oman, Saif bin Sultan, invaded Bahrain. The inhabitants of Bahrain, in particular the Shia’a, refusing the Omani rule, left Bahrain to the mainland and settled in Qatif and Dammam.
     However. The Omani Abbadi rule did not last long in Bahrain as those who left to Dammam  and the rest of Bahrain inhabitants, particulary the Huwala tribe abliged the Omani to leave Bahrain. The Persian rule returned to Bahrain, but after the era of Nadir Shah the huwala Chiefs took control of Bahrein in 1755. Karim Khan Zend of Persia allowed Shaikh Nasr al Mad Rkour to rule Bahrain under Persian influence.
     In 1780 Al Khalifa’s rule of Bahrain began, and disputes among the Utub tribe started as well. Al Galahima, from Dammam, threatened the Al Khalifa’s rule in Bahrain. Also Dammam played a significant role during the  hostilities which broke out among the Chiefs of Al Khalifa family. Finally, these events involved the Saudi rule of Al Hasa region, and the British interests and influence in the Gulf and in particular in Bahrain.
     This research deals with these main points:
     Firstly: Hostilities that broke out between AI Galahima in Dammam and Al Khaifa in Bahrain. The focus is upon Rahma bin Jabber al Galahima’s threats to Bahrain under the Saudi influence during the Saudi first rule of Al Hasa, and the Al Khalifa’s reaction to these threats.
     Secondly: the role of Dammam in disputes that occurred among the Al Khalifa chiefs. Some of Al Khalifa Shaikhs opposed the rule of Shaikh Mohamed bin Khalifa. They moved to Dammam and threatened Bahrain, the Saudi rulers of the second state involved in these events.
     Thirdly: The focus here is upon the British attitude towards the threats to their influence and their interests in the Gulf region, particularly, in Bahrain. It also deals with British reaction to these threats from Dammam which resulted in British military interference in Bahrain, and the British put a new ruler from the al Khalifa family to rule Bahrain under British protection.

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