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Volume :40 Issue : 155 2014      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Indicators and Causes of Rural Settlement Changes in Saudi Arabia: ALhasa Province in the Eastern District as Case Study .

Auther : Dr. Yasin A. Elhadary - Dr. Abdulrahman Ben A. AL-Omair

     This paper focuses on the changes of rural settlement that have taken place in Alhasa province, Eastern District of Saudi Arabia during the last four decades. The overall objective is to demonstrate the indicators of changes in rural house and the main causes behind such changes. The study used deductive and analytical approach, and depended mainly on fieldwork surveys for collecting data. 300 questionnaires have been distributed in 10 villages located around in Alhasa province. The study used SPSS, version 17 for analyzing the collected data. The study shows that the type of house, house structure and building materials are some indictors of the current changes in the rural settlement. The study revealed that modern houses such as Villa has spread very rapidly in rural areas at the expense of traditional public houses. Moreover, the rural economy which is based on agriculture has been transformed into other economic activities such as services. Changes in rural economy, good networks, imitation of urban houses due to vicinity and provision of services are some of the causes behind the current changes of rural settlement.
     The study has concluded that there is a lack of literature, especially in Arabic language, on the issues regarding the changes of rural economy in the developing world. Therefore, this paper aims in bridging the knowledge gap and open doors for more research.
 

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