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Volume :39 Issue : 151 2013      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Calibration and Standardizing International Urban Sustainability Indicators: A Comparative Study of Urban Sustainability in Saudi Arabia .

Auther : Prof. Ahmed J. Al-Jarallah - PHD. Student. Abdullah M. AL-Shehri

     The different dimensions of sustainable development have been the focus of many researchers in various disciplines. Sustainable development acquired an important dimension after being studied in a number of conferences, forums, and workshops organized by the United Nations. This interest led to conducting numerous studies and research initiatives, seeking to identify a clear concept of sustainable development, develop indicators and standards to measure it, and study it as a developmental option in specialized aspects such as Urban Development.
     Despite the great interest in the concept of sustainability which has been the subject of many studies in various scientific disciplines, a number of indicators have been suggested in a number of studies. There is a great general interest in the concept of sustainability and in particular, urban sustainability in Saudi Arabia. The Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs has accordingly published a guide to urban "sustainability" which is starting to be used by some of the Kingdom's Municipalities. It is noted that there are no quantitative measures for most proposed indicators to be used as standards of verifying levels of sustainability, and accordingly categorize, compare, and standardize studied cases such as countries, regions, and cities.
     This research attempts to calibrate and standardize international urban sustainability indicators in order to be understanding sustainability in Saudi Arabia in comparison with other countries. This is also done by employing secondary data from United Nations' reports about urban sustainability indicators on a stratified sample of countries, and comparing it to urban development in Saudi Arabia.
     Results have brought about procedural standards for sustainable urban development indicators. This revealed that Saudi urban development is suffering from certain problems such as rising CO2 emission, and vehicles indicators per 1000 people, millions city, and per capita consumption of electricity. Additionally, results have distinguished four groups of countries as per sustainable development indicators; Saudi Arabia was among the group characterized by positive urban sustainability indicators.
 

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