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Volume :38 Issue : 144 2012      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Assessment of Hafira Hazardous Industrial Land Fill in the Kingdom of Bahrain By Using GIS and Based Convention Standards

Auther : Ms. Sara A. Al-Bugami - Dr. Sabah S. Al-Jenaid - Prof. Basil N. AL-Yousfi - Prof. Walid K. Zubari

     Hazardous industrial waste management is one of the major problems facing the Kingdom of Bahrain. This is mainly due to the fast industrialization and urbanization taking place in the country and huge quantities being generated which needs to be properly stored, transported, treated and disposed. Industrial waste generated in Bahrain is heterogeneous in nature and composition and has severe adverse environmental as well as public health impacts. This study reviews one of the environmental best solutions for the disposal of hazardous industrial waste in the Kingdom of Bahrain by land filling it in an environmentally sound manner and as per national and international conventions, legislations and guidelines including the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. Currently the industrial waste generated in the Kingdom is disposed at Hafira Industrial Landfill Site. This landfill site was constructed in 2001 and has been in successful operation since February 2001, accommodating semi and potential hazardous industrial waste. The spent pot lining waste of ALBA is the main component at the landfill site along with other types of industrial waste including sludge, asbestos, expired medicines etc. In this study, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) was used to assist in locating the existing landfill site and assessing the future requirements of similar disposal site for hazardous industrial wastes. The guidelines governing the criteria selection benefits from GIS to convert the required standards to maps and to illustrate the most important criteria of social, economic and environmental considerations, Also public acceptance and considerations regarding geological and geomorphological aspects to identify prospective landfill sites. The study has provided a systematic model (GIS model) for sitting new landfill for hazardous solid waste. The most appropriate location was found to be in the southern region in Bahrain which is in conformity with the requirements and standards of the Basel Convention

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Dec 26, 2021

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