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Volume :36 Issue : 136 2010      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Relationship Between Prayer Waiting Time and Cost of Mosques Air-conditioning and Light: Case Study of Mosques in Riyadh City

Auther : Dr. Ibrahim Bin R. Al-joueer

     In most Islamic counters,  there is no particular time between the call to prayer (Athan) and the time of performing prayer (Iqama). In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in general, and in Riyadh in particular, the case is different where Iqama is preformed only after a certain period of time. This period of time is set by the Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Dawah and Guidance as 25 minutes for Dawn prayer, 20 minutes for Noon and Afternoon and Night prayers, and 10 minutes for Sunset prayer. Riyadhs hot climate coupled with prayer hall design which is large in area and volume and lacks insulations and enough sun light is playing a role in increasing the amount of electricity bill, which reached more than 47 million Riyals in 2006 for only 3323 mosques in Riyadh.

     Saudi Electricity Company has suffered and still continues to suffer from  many problems which are preventing it from performing the necessary expansions to cope with the annual growth in electrical loads to maintain and sustain suitable electrical services to face the growth in consumption. Part of the problem is related to bills being paid by many government agencies which led to programmed cuts in electrical supplies of some factories in Riyadh and Estern Province in the summer of 2007 as a result of high consumption.

     The Ministry of Islamic Arffairs, Endowment, Dawah and Guidance is the largest government agency in consuming electricity. It pays the bills of 44742 mosques in the Kingdom. As a result of the difficulties in changing the current situation of existing mosques in terms of providing them with insulations, reducing the area and volume of prayer hall,à etc, the only solution to cut down the electricity bills without changing the current situation and with no cost, is to reduce the waiting time between Athan and Iqama to its half time.

     The aim of the study is to prove the positive effect of reducing the waiting time between Athan and Iqama on the mosques high electricity bills.

     To collect the data, the researcher has depended on the archives of the Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowment, Dawah and Guidance and Saudi electricity company. Also a questionnaire has been applied on randomly selected mosques to determine:

the specifications of mosque elements.

the time of turning on and off the air-conditioning and light.

the actual waiting period between Athan and Iqama.

     The study has concluded that the long waiting time-period between Athan and Iqama plays a great role in increasing the amount of electricity bill, where the reduction of the waiting period between Athan and Iqama to half reduces the amount of bills to 28.91%.

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